Podcast

A History of Europe, Key Battles

A podcast on European conflicts from the perspective of each side to provide an alternative to the traditional national narratives. Going chronologically from the Ancient Greeks onwards I will describe to some extent how each battle was won or lost by particular decisions, tactics, technology or fortune. But the aim of each main narrative will be to place each battle in the context of the overall history of Europe.

Episodes

  • 62.2. Seven Years War 1756-1763, Part 2

    Sep 24 2021

    Seven Years War 1756-1763, Part 2www.historyeurope.netMusic composed by Joseph Haydn, courtesy of musopen.org   See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 62.1 Seven Years War 1756-63, Part 1

    Sep 17 2021

    Seven Years War 1756-63, Part 1Pictured - Frederick the Greatwww.historyeurope.netMusic - Joseph Haydn, Symphony 49 'The Passion', courtesy of www.musopen.org  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 61.4 War of Austrian Succession Concludes

    Aug 27 2021

    War of Austrian Succession ConcludesPictured - Battle of Fontenoywww.historyeurope.netMusic - Winter by Antonio Vivaldi, courtesy of musopen.org  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 61.3 War of Austrian Succession 1740-48

    Aug 20 2021

    Prussian Invasion of Habsburg Silesia by Frederick the GreatPictured - Maria Theresa - ruler of the Habsburg dominionswww.historyeurope.netMusic composed by Domenico Scarlatti, courtesy of musopen.org  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 61.2 War of Polish Succession 1733–35

    Aug 13 2021

    Background to the War of Austrian Succession 1740-48War of Polish Succession 1733–35, Russo-Turkish War 1735–1739, War of Jenkins Ear 1739-1748Pictured - Augustus II the Strong,  Elector of Saxony and King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania until his death in 1733, which triggered the War of Polish SuccessionMusic composed by Antonio Vivaldi - Concerto for Bassoon in A minor, Concerto 11 in c minor, courtesy of musopen.org www.historyeurope.net  See acast.com/privacy for p...more

  • 61.1 The Rise of Prussia

    Aug 06 2021

    Introduction to the War of Austrian Succession 1740-1748; the rise of Prussia and beginning of the European Enlightenment. Pictured - Frederick William I, the king in Prussia and elector of Brandenburg (reigned 1713-40), known as the "Soldier King" for building up the military of his state.Music composed by Georg Philipp Telemann, courtesy of musopen.orgwww.historyeurope.net  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 60.4 Battle of Poltava and Great Northern War

    Jul 02 2021

    The armies of Peter the Great and Charles of Sweden fight the Battle of Poltava 1709. The Great Northern War 1700-1721 afterwards continues for a number of years, notably the Battle of the River Prut 1711, where the Russians confront the Ottomans.  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 60.3 Charles XII, Peter the Great and Ivan Mazepa

    Jun 25 2021

    Charles XII of Sweden launches an audacious campaign towards Moscow through Poland, linking up with the Cossack leader Ivan Mazepa (pictured)www.patreon.com/historyeurope  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 60.2 Charles XII of Sweden, Great Northern War

    Jun 18 2021

    The Great Northern War - Charles XII, the young new king of Sweden, defends himself from attacks from his neighbours Russia, Denmark and Polandwww.patreon.com/historyeurope  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 60.1 17th Century Russian Expansion

    Jun 11 2021

    The conquest of Siberia, split in the Russian Orthodox Church between new and old believers, uprising of Stenka Razin, conquest of Azov near the Black Sea, and early years of Peter the Great (pictured)  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 59.4 Conclusion of the War of Spanish Succession

    May 21 2021

    The French army of Louis XIV was on the ropes, but fought hard against the British, Dutch, Austrians and Prussians at the Battle of Malplaquet 1709. Peace was finally agreed in with the Treaties of Utrecht 1713 and Rastadt 1714, establishing a new balance of power on the continent.Composer - George Friedrich Handel, Water Musicwww.historyeurope.net  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 59.3 Battles of Ramillies and Oudenaarde

    May 14 2021

    War of Spanish Succession - Heavy fighting across Western Europe, including in Italy and the Iberian peninsula between troops loyal to Philip V and the French on the one side and Austrians, Dutch and British on the other. Meanwhile the Duke of Marlborough leads the British and their allies against the French at the battles of Ramillies and OudenaardeMusic: composer Giuseppe Torelli, Tumpet Concerto in D 'Estienne Roger - 1. Allegro moderatowww.historyeurope.net  See acast.com/privacy f...more

  • 59.2 The Battle of Blenheim 1704

    May 07 2021

    The Battle of Blenheim was a major turning point in the War of the Spanish Succession. A British and Allied army, led by the Earl of Marlborough, marched rapidly southwards from the Netherlands to confront a Franco-Bavarian armywww.patreon.com/historyeuropeMusic composed by Jean-Philippe Rameau Intro music by Nico Vettese (wetalkofdreams.com)  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 59.1 War of Spanish Succession 1701-1715 Begins

    Apr 30 2021

    Carlos II, the King of Spain, was dying. He had become king at the age of four in 1665 and throughout his life had suffered appalling physical ill-health. As the only surviving son of Philip IV of Spain and with expectations low that he would produce a heir, the question of succession was for a long time prominent in European politics. War indeed erupted in 1701 on his deathwww.patreon.com/historyeurope  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 58.2 Nine Years War 1688-97

    Apr 02 2021

    The Nine Years' War (1688–1697) was a conflict between France and a European coalition which included the Holy Roman Empire, the Dutch Republic, England, Spain, Savoy and Portugal. It was fought in Europe and the surrounding seas, in North America, and in India. The war encompassed the Williamite war in Ireland and Jacobite risings in Scotland, where William III and James II struggled for control of England and Ireland www.patreon.com/historyeuropeMusic composed by Louis de Caix d'HerveloisIntro...more

  • 58.1 Early Wars of Louis XIV

    Mar 26 2021

    Louis XIV has become the historical embodiment of the style of absolutist government where the monarch personally directs all matters of state as he or she sees fit, with authority given as a divine right. When he ascended to the throne, France was the most populous country in western Europe, and he intended to use its resources to pursue glory for his dynasty and kingdom at the expense of his neighbours.www.patreon.com/historyeuropeMusic composed by Francois CouperinIntro music by Nico Vettese ...more

  • 57.2 Battles of the Boyne and Aughrim 1690

    Mar 05 2021

    At the battles of the Boyne and of Aughrim 1690, a force of Irish Catholics, supported by Louis XIV of France, fought against a multi-national army commanded by William of Orange, head of the Dutch Republic, who was also the newly crowned King of England following a successful coup known as the Glorious Revolution 1688. The battles paved the way for English domination of the British Isles through the military suppression of the Irish, and in time Britain became more politically united.www.patreo...more

  • 57.1 King William III and Irish Catholic Resistance 1688-91

    Feb 26 2021

    Soon after William of Orange took control of England in the Glorious Revolution 1688 and became King William III of England, he found it necessary to confront a rebellion in Ireland. With the support of King Louis XIV of France, the deposed King James arrives in Ireland to support Catholic resistance to William and to reclaim his crownwww.patreon.com/historyeuropeIntro music by Nico Vettese (wetalkofdreams.com)  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 56.1 Glorious Revolution 1688

    Feb 05 2021

    In 1688 a large invasion arrived in England from the Dutch Republic, led by William of Orange. It was a risky move, driven partly out of fear of the English allying with Louis XIV of France, who was threatening to attack his country. King James II of England was fast losing popular support for his Catholic sympathies, a fact exploited in William's propaganda to the English.www.historyeurope.netwww.patreon.com/historyeuropeMusic: Henry Purcell (Overture in G minor, Gordion Knot Untied)Intro by Ni...more

  • 55.3 Siege of Vienna 1683

    Jan 08 2021

    Siege of Vienna 1683www.historyeurope.netwww.patreon.com/historyeuropeMusic: Palestrina (Adoramus te Christe); Elgar (March of the Mogul Emperors)  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 55.2 Build-up to Siege of Vienna 1683

    Jan 01 2021

    Build-up to Siege of Vienna 1683Picture: Jan SobieksiMusic by composer Johann Jospeh Fux - Symphony in F Major, Partita in G Minorwww.historyeurope.netwww.patreon.com/historyeurope  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 55.1 Emperor Leopold I and the History of Austria

    Dec 25 2020

    The Habsburg Emperor Leopold I (1658-1705) faces the twin challenge of the France of Louis XIV in the west and the Ottoman Empire in the EastMusic: Christmas Concert by composer Arcangelo CorelliPicture: Leopoldine Wing of the Hofburg Palace, Viennawww.historyeurope.netwww.patreon.com/historyeurope  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 54.4 Anglo Dutch Wars of 17th Century

    Dec 04 2020

    In the 1660's and 1670's the British (after the Restoration of the Monarchy led by King Charles II) and the Dutch fight a second and third naval war for control of the seas. It includes the audacious Dutch Attack on the Medway of June 1667www.patreon.com/historyeuropewww.historyeurope.netMusic: Henry Purcell - Chacony in G minor, The Gordion Knot Untied . Courtesy of musopen.org  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 54.3 Death of Oliver Cromwell and the Restoration

    Nov 27 2020

    The death of Oliver Cromwell in September 1658 left the republican government in disarray. The mood of the country favoured the return of monarchy, and so King Charles II was invited to the restored English throne in May 1660. Soon after conflict with the Dutch Republic renewed with the Second Anglo Dutch Warwww.patreon.com/historyeuropewww.historyeurope.netMusic: Alessandro Scarlatti - Sinfonie di concerto grosso No 12 in c minor, La Geniale; Concerti Grossi No 5 in d minor, courtesy of musopen...more

  • 54.2 The First Anglo Dutch War 1652-54

    Nov 20 2020

    The Anglo Dutch wars were not only important events in their own right, but also the earliest in a sequence of naval wars which continued into the nineteenth century. At first sight the British Commonwealth government under Oliver Cromwell and the Dutch Republic had much in common and should have been allies, but trade and shipping disputes between them led to a conflict for control of the seas.www.patreon.com/historyeuropewww.historyeurope.netMusic: Henry Purcell - The Fairy Queen; Abdelazer (o...more

  • 54.1 End of the English Civil War

    Nov 13 2020

    After the execution of Charles I, Oliver Cromwell and his Commonwealth government asserted their authority over Ireland and Scotland. They fought off an invasion from Charles's son, which was defeated at the Battle of Worcester 1651 and then attacked the remaining Royalist forces in the Scilly Isles, Channel Islands and the Americas. Meanwhile, tensions grew with the neighbouring Dutch Republicwww.patreon.com/historyeuropewww.historyeurope.netMusic: Jean-Baptiste Lully - Le bourgeois gentil...more

  • 53.3 The Ruin and the Deluge

    Oct 09 2020

    Turmoil in northern and eastern Europe continues with war involving Sweden, Denmark, Russia, Poland-Lithuania and the Ottoman Empire. The Cossacks of Ukraine lose their last hopes for autonomy. The Russians take a big step forwards to establishing themselves permanently upon the Black Sea and also in a position where they can take a closer interest in Central Europe www.patreon.com/historyeuropewww.historyeurope.netMusic courtesy of musopen.org. Frederic Chopin, Nocturne in E flat major, Op...more

  • 53.2 The Swedish Deluge, Poland 1655

    Oct 02 2020

    A Cossack uprising breaks out in 1648 partly a response to local grievances but also an attempt to retain a degree of autonomy. However, by appealing to Moscow for help, Bohadan Khmelnitsky triggers the invasion of Sweden as well as Russia, which ultimately caused devastation, and the beginning of the end of Poland as a major power. The events are known as the Swedish Deluge, or just the Deluge in Poland, and as ‘the Ruin’ in Ukrainian historywww.patreon.com/historyeuropeMusic Courtesy of m...more

  • 53.1 Khmelnitsky Cossack Rebellion 1648

    Sep 25 2020

    First Part of a series 'The Ruin and the Deluge' on the turbulent late 17th century of eastern Europe. In 1648 the Cossacks start a major rebellion against their Polish overlords. In an attempt to retain autonomy for his people, the Cossack leader Bohdan Khmelnitsky (pictured) appeals to Tsar Alexis of Moscow for helpwww.patreon.com/historyeuropeMusic courtesy of musopen.org. Composer: Frederic ChopinNocturne in B flat minor, Op.9 no.1Mazurka in C sharp minor, Op.6 no.2Polonaise, Op. 71 no.1 ...more

  • 52.3 The English Civil War

    Aug 28 2020

    The English Civil War  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 52.2 Build-up the English Civil War

    Aug 21 2020

    Build-up to the English Civil War, with growing tensions between King Charles I and the ParliamentMusic: John Dowland - Lachrimae, or Seven Tears; Lassus - Susanne un jour (piano); Thoinot Arbeau - Orchésographie - Pavane: Belle qui tiens ma viePicture: Attempted Arrest of the Five members, by Charles West Cope  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 52.1 King James I of England (VI of Scotland)

    Aug 14 2020

    Part 1 on the English Civil War. The reign of the first Stuart king of England, James I (James VI of Scotland) was relatively calm, but there were religious tensions, including the Gunpowder Plot 1605, and disagreements with parliament, which presaged the later troubles of his son Charles IMusic: Orlando Gibbons, Silver Swan  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 51.7 Peace of Westphalia

    Jul 17 2020

    Last decade of the Thirty Years War - French, Swedish, Spanish, German, and imperial armies fight to gain strategic advantage in a central Europe already devastated by many years of conflict and pillaging. Finally in 1648 the sides agree to the Peace of Westphalia.Music: Claudio Monteverdi - Lamento della ninfa, 1638, dedicated to Emperor Ferdinand III  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 51.6 The French Enter the Thirty Years War

    Jul 10 2020

    The French, her foreign policy led by Cardinal Richelieu, enter the Thirty Years War after the Battle of Lutzen 1632Music: Giovanni Paolo Cima - O Dulcedo Meliflua, 1610  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 51.5 Battle of Lutzen 1632

    Jul 03 2020

    Gustavus Adolphus, King of Sweden, launches a stunning attack into Germany and dramatically turns the tide of the Thirty Years War, concluding at the Battle of Lutzen 1632  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 51.4 Early Wars of Gustavus Adolphus

    Jun 19 2020

    Before Gustavus Adolphus, King of Sweden, got involved in the 30 Years War, he had already fought wars against Denmark, Poland and Russia  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 51.3 Invasion of Christian IV of Denmark

    Jun 12 2020

    Warfare engulfs central Europe as Spain and the Dutch renew their war and Christian IV of Denmark invades the Holy Roman empire. Ferdinand II declares the Edict of Restitution to reassert Catholicism and imperial authority  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 51.2 The Bohemian Revolt, Defenestration of Prague 1618

    Jun 05 2020

    The Thirty Years war is triggered by a revolt in Bohemia, and the famous Defenestration of Prague 1618. Frederick V of the Palatinate accepts the rebels' invitation to lead them, leading to the Battle of White Mountain for control of Prague.  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 51.1 Thirty Years War 1618-48, Background

    May 29 2020

    The 17th century was one of the most bloody of European history. The Thirty Years War in particular is notorious for the sustained carnage and destruction it caused, and still burns in German memory as the most bloody period in their history before the twentieth century. Today's episode describes the situation on the continent leading up to the conflict. Pictured: Emperor Ferdinand II and Frederick V of the Palatinate. Music: Giovanni Palestrina  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and o...more

  • 50.4 Battle of Khotyn 1621

    Feb 29 2020

    Sultan Osman II leads a massive invasion force to Poland, confident of victory after defeating a Christian army the year before. The Ottomans meet a combined Polish-Cossack army near the Romanian-Polish border by the fortress of Khotytn (pictured). And so commences a month long battle for control of the region.  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 50.3 Build-up to the Battle of Khotyn 1621

    Feb 21 2020

    Cossacks raid the Black Sea coast as far as Kaffa and Istanbul. King Sigismund III of Poland vies for control of Moldavia, today a region in Romania with the Turks. In response Sultan Osman II declares war on Poland, gaining victory at Cecora in 1620 (pictured). The next year the Ottomans prepare a much bigger army for an invasion of Poland  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 50.2 Ottoman Empire - Beginning of the Decline

    Feb 14 2020

    A succession of weak rulers begins the gradual decline of the Ottoman Empire. Their fight with the Habsburgs for control of Hungary continues with the Long Turkish War 1593-1606  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 50.1 The Cossacks

    Feb 07 2020

    Background to the Battle of Khotyn 1621. The Cossacks occupy a central place in the history of Ukraine and surrounding region. They were not so much a distinct race but a way of life, a military caste whose service, though not always loyalty, was brought for concessions of land and limited independence. They inhabited a no-mans land in south-eastern Europe between the Christian states of Poland-Lithuania and Muscovy to the north, and the Ottoman Turks and their vassals to the south east &nb...more

  • 49.5 Anglo-Spanish War 1585-1604

    Aug 09 2019

    The famous Spanish Armada of 1588 was only one of several battles in the Anglo-Spanish War of 1585-1604. Elizabeth hoped to take advantage of her victory by striking another blow to the Spanish fleet but in truth her own forces were exhausted. The conflict continued for several more years, and became embroiled in continental affairs; the Dutch Revolt and rise of Henry IV of France. Finally, I look at the legacies of Philip II of Spain and Elizabeth I of England   See acast.com/pri...more

  • 49.4 The Spanish Armada 1588

    Aug 02 2019

    The famous attempted invasion of England by the Spanish Armada in 1588  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 49.3 Spain Fights Back against the Dutch Rebels

    Jul 19 2019

    The Duke of Parma (pictured), sent by Philip II of Spain, makes good progress putting down tough resistance in the Dutch Revolt. Spanish success prompts Elizabeth I to get more involved  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 49.2 The Dutch Revolt Begins

    Jul 05 2019

    Origins of the Dutch Revolt (1568–1648). Philip II of Spain inherits the Netherlands, the Kingdom of Naples and the newly discovered Americas as well as the Iberian Peninsula. Unrest breaks out in the Netherlands, and resistance grows against Philip's rule. Meanwhile, Anglo-Spanish relations are further strained by the discovery of a Spanish plot to kill Queen Elizabeth, the Ridolfi plotPictured: Philip of Spain and William of Orange, leader of the revolt  See acast.com/privacy for pri...more

  • 49.1 The Reign of Mary of England and Philip Habsburg

    Jun 28 2019

    The kingdoms of England and Spain are allies during the reign of Mary I of England and her husband Philip Habsburg, son of Emperor Charles V. Mary, however, dies childless and is succeeded by her sister Elizabeth, a Protestant. Meanwhile Mary Queen of Scots is briefly Queen of France, but on the death of her husband returns to Scotland, causing a dilemma for Queen Elizabeth.  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 48.1 Interview with Jacob F. Field

    Apr 26 2019

    Something different this week - an interview with historian and author Jacob F. Field, whose works include:One Bloody Thing After Another: The World's Gruesome HistoryWe Shall Fight on the Beaches: The Speeches That Inspired HistoryAnd more recently - A History of Europe in Bite Sized Chunks  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 47.4 French Wars of Religion - Conclusion

    Apr 19 2019

    Conclusion of the French Wars of Religion. On the death of all four sons of Catherine de Medici, the Valois dynasty dies out, leaving a committed Protestant, Henry of Navarre, as heir to the throne. He would go on to become Henry IV, founder of the Bourbon dynasty and one of France's greatest kings.https://aca.st/370288  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 47.3 St Bartholomew's Day Massacre

    Apr 12 2019

    Fighting breaks out in France between Protestants and Catholics in a series of conflicts known as the French Wars of Religion. The most infamous event of all is the St Bartholomew's Day Massacre 1572  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 47.2 French Wars of Religion - Background

    Apr 04 2019

    The Protestant Faith is spreading fast when Henry II (pictured) ascends to the throne of France in 1574. His early death destabilizes the French Crown  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 47.1 Martin Luther, the Reformation and the Printing Press

    Mar 29 2019

    Beginnings of the Reformation, triggered in 1517 by Martin Luther, whose ideas spread quickly thanks to the recent invention of the printing press. Also the economy of France flourishes during the reign of Francis I (1515-1547)  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 46.4 Livonian Wars 1558-1583

    Feb 22 2019

    The final years of Livonia Wars, the struggle for control of the southern Baltic coastline between Sweden, Denmark, Poland-Lithuania and Russia. King Stephan Bathory of Poland leads a campaign into Muscovite territory and besieges the city of Pskov (pictured). Also, the legacy of Ivan IV the Terrible  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 46.3 Ivan the Terrible and the Oprichnina

    Feb 15 2019

    Ivan the Terrible, convinced of treachery all around him, orders the execution of anyone he suspects of disloyalty. He then creates the Oprichnina, a state within a state in Muscovy, and subjects his people to successive waves of terror, including the massacre of Novogord 1569. Moscow comes under threat in 1571 from an immense army of Crimean Tatars leading to the Battle of Molodi. Meanwhile Denmark and Sweden fight the Seven Years War.  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out in...more

  • 46.2 History of Medieval Scandinavia and Hanseatic League

    Feb 08 2019

    The History of Medieval Scandinavia and the Baltic Sea, and rivalries between the Hanseatic League (a naval merchant alliance), Denmark, Sweden and Poland-Lithuania  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 46.1 Battle of Ermes 1560, Fall of the Livonian Order

    Feb 01 2019

    The Livonian Order, in decline for years, suffers defeat at the Battle of Ermes 1560 against an army of Ivan the Terrible, triggering a conflict to fill the power vacuum; the Northern Wars  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 45.5 Battle of Lepanto 1571

    Jan 04 2019

    The Battle of Lepanto - the largest naval battle in Western history since classical antiquity. A clash for supremacy of the Mediterranean between the Ottomans and a Christian Holy League  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 45.4 Ottoman Invasion of Cyprus

    Dec 21 2018

    Sultan Selim II directs an Ottoman invasion against the Venetian controlled island of Cyprus, leading to the siege of Famagusta which lasted almost a year from September 1570 to August 1571  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 45.3 Siege of Malta

    Dec 14 2018

    Philip II of Spain suffers a major setback by the failure to capture the port of Tripoli. Then in 1565 the Ottomans, in the ascendancy in the Mediterranean, attempt to capture the island of Malta, leading to one of most epic sieges of all time. Also, the passing away of Suleiman the Magnificent  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 45.2 Charles V and Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent

    Nov 30 2018

    The Ottoman Turks and their Barbary Pirate allies fight against Emperor Charles V and Italians for influence in the Mediterranean but form an alliance of convenience with France which shocks Christendom. Meanwhile there is court intrigue in Constantinople centred around the sultan's harem. And Charles V decides to abdicate after a long reign (pictured: a tapestry of the abdication ceremony)  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 45.1 Conflict in the Mediterranean

    Nov 23 2018

    Barbary Pirates fill a political vacuum in North Africa in the 1400's. Then in the 1500's, after the capture of Cairo, the Ottomans expand into the Mediterranean. Emperor Charles V captures the strategic city of Tunis in 1535 but Christendom soon after faces numerous setbacks against the Turks, most notably defeat the naval Battle of Preveza 1538 (pictured)  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • Podcast Update, 11 June 2018

    Jun 11 2018

    Unfortunately I must put the podcast on hiatus for 4 months. Having been elected to represent my local village of Eynsham, for a period I will not realistically be able to keep the podcast going at the same rate as before. But when I'm back, there will be lots of great stories to tell of key battles, from the Battle of Lepanto 1571, Spanish Armada, French Religious Wars of Religion, and many more. See you again in the autumn.  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 44.3 Siege of Kazan 1552

    May 25 2018

    The Siege of Kazan 1552. The conquest of Kazan and Astrakhan by Muscovy can be seen as the birth of a Russian Empire. It had profound consequences for the steppe region and beyond, allowing Russian expansion eastwards, eventually as far as the Pacific.   See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 44.2 Ivan the Terrible - Early Years

    May 18 2018

    Early years of Ivan IV, the Terrible. On his reaching maturity, Moscow resumes its bid for control of the neighbouring khanate of Kazan, already weakened by decades of instability  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 44.1 Muscovy and her Asiatic neighbours 1400s-early 1500s

    May 11 2018

    The story of the complex relationship between the Russians and their southern and eastern neighbours in 1400s-early 1500's. Those neighbours were the successor states of the once mighty Mongol-Tatar empire known as the Golden Horde; the khanates of Kazan, Crimea, Siberia, the Great Horde and Nogay Horde. These relationships were at least as important to Muscovy as those with her western neighbours. Pictured: QolSharif Mosque in the city of Kazan, Russia  See acast.com/privacy for priva...more

  • 43.2 Battle of Mohacs 1526

    Apr 06 2018

    Suleiman the Magnificent leads a huge army across the Balkans to confront the leadership of the Kingdom of Hungary. The Battle of Mohacs proved to be a key event in the history of eastern Europewww.historyeurope.net  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 43.1 Battle of Mohacs 1526 Background

    Mar 30 2018

    Expansion of the Ottoman Empire in the early 1500's. Conquest of the Balkans and Mamluk-controlled Egypt, and rivalry with Shia Persia. Also, the story of the kingdom of Hungary in the same period, leading up to the Battle of Mohacs 1526. Pictured - the coat of arms of Matthias Corvinus, King of Hungary 1458-1490www.historyeurope.net  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 42.4 Battle of Diu 1509

    Feb 16 2018

    The fight for naval supremacy of the lucrative spice trade of the Indian Ocean between the Mamluk Sultanate based in Cairo and the Portuguese  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 42.3 Portuguese Conquests in India

    Feb 09 2018

    The Portuguese begin to seize control of the spice trade of the Indian Ocean, by a mixture of diplomacy and brute force. For King Manuel of Portugal, his new maritime empire becomes not just an end in itself but a possible opportunity to weaken the Mamluk Sultanate, and perhaps even a means to recover the Holy Land for Christianity. Pictured: the Zamorin of Calicut  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 42.2 Portuguese Discovery of India

    Feb 02 2018

    The epic voyage of Vasco Da Gama 1497-1499, who sailed from Portugal, around the southern tip of Africa, along the eastern coast of Africa and then onto India. The discovery of a sea route from Europe to India began the European age of exploration, with huge consequences for both Europe and the rest of the world  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 42.1 Portuguese Voyages of Discovery

    Jan 26 2018

    Portugal, having established its position in Iberia, begins to make conquests in Morocco. At the same time the Portuguese prince Henry the Navigator (pictured) sponsors the beginning of a series of discoveries along the west coast of Africa. In 1487-88 Europeans, led by Bartolomeu Dias , circumnavigate the southern tip of Africa for the first time, and reach the Indian Ocean   See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 41.2 Russo-Lithuanian Wars 1500-1503

    Dec 29 2017

    Russo-Lithuanian Wars 1500-1503. Ivan III the Great (pictured) continues the expansion of Muscovy by the capture of Lithuanian territories  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 41.1 Conquest of Novgorod by Ivan III of Moscow

    Dec 22 2017

    Russia in the 1400's. The Conquest of Novgorod by Ivan III the Great, Grand Prince of Moscow  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 40.5 Battle of Fornovo 1495

    Nov 24 2017

    King Charles VIII of France, following his conquest of Naples, heads back through Italy to France but is attacked on his way back by a combined Venetian-Milanese army. The two sides meet near the village of Fornovo, near Parma. Although ultimately a failure, Charles' expeditions had major repercussions for it triggered the decades long Italian Wars, when the Italian peninsula became the battleground between foreign powers  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 40.4 Charles VIII of France Invades Naples

    Nov 17 2017

    Charles VII leads his army into Italy to invade the Kingdom of Naples. He is invited into the peninsula by Ludovico Il Moro of Milan, concerned about aggression from Naples. Ludovico had expected the French to to travel to Naples largely by sea, and with a smaller force, not the full deployment of the French crown  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 40.3 Lorenzo the Magnificent, Florence

    Nov 10 2017

    Lorenzo il Magnifico, ruler of Florence 1469-1492. In the so-called Pazzi Conspiracy Pope Sixtus IV organises an assassination attempt on Lorenzo and his brother Giuliano. Lorenzo survives and goes on to help negotiate a peace treaty between the five great powers of Italy. For his influence and diplomatic skills he becomes known as 'the needle of the Italian compass'. Lorenzo also sponsored great artists such as Botticelli and Michelangelo da Vinci. However, towards the end of his reign, the peo...more

  • 40.2 Renaissance Florence & Medici

    Nov 04 2017

    Rise of the Medici dynasty in Florence. Renaissance Italy sees a remarkable flourishing of art and literature, with such writers as Dante, Bocaccio and Petrarch, the architects Brunelleschi and Michelozzo, and the artists Giotto and Pisano. Florence creates a republican system of government, although imperfect, democratic for its time. Cosimo de Medici, a skilled diplomat, rises to power in Florence and helps organise the Peace of Lodi, which brings a period of relative peace and stability to th...more

  • 40.1 Italy in 1400's

    Oct 27 2017

    Overview of Italy in the 1400's in the lead-up to the Renaissance and Italian Wars. The 5 main powers were The Papacy, Milan, Florence, Naples and Venice, each with very different characteristics. The Maritime Republic of Venice, its overseas territories threatened by the Ottomans, attempts to expand on the mainland. Also, the turbulent history of Naples in 1300's and 1400's  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 39.3 Battle of Nancy 1477, Fall of Burgundy

    Sep 29 2017

    The Burgundian Wars 1474-1477. Charles the Bold of Burgundy captures the Duchy of Lorraine. But he faces fierce resistance from his neighbours who form an alliance called the League of Constance, which includes several Swiss towns. The culmination of the wars is the Siege of Nancy 1476-77 Visit the Patreon page at: www.patreon.com/user?u=3521613  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 39.2 Burgundy in the 1470's

    Sep 22 2017

    Charles the Bold of Burgundy imposes his will on the citizens of Low Countries but, in so doing, creates resentment. Meanwhile, stoked by Louis XI of France, tensions rise between Charles and the Swiss  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 39.1 Western Europe in late 1400's

    Sep 15 2017

    Survey of Western European powers around 1460's, including England, France, Burgundy, Switzerland, Savoy, and the major antagonists; King Louis XI of France (pictured) and Duke Philip the Good of Burgundy  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 38.2 The Hussite Wars 1419-1434

    Aug 18 2017

    The Hussite Wars; a series of crusades in the Kingdom of Bohemia (Czech Republic) against religious dissidents, prepared to go to war to protect their religious freedoms against the Catholic Church  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 38.1 Early History of Bohemia (Czech Republic)

    Aug 11 2017

    Early History of Bohemia (approx modern day Czech Republic). The Golden Age of Prague (pictured) under Emperor Charles IV, and execution of Jan Hus for alleged heresy, which triggered the Hussite Wars  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 37.4 Battle of Castillon 1453, End of the Hundred Years War

    Jul 21 2017

    Culmination of the Hundred Years War at the Battle of Castillon 1453. The French rapidly advance into English-held territory in Normandy and Aquitaine  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 37.3 French Recovery Begins (100 Years War)

    Jul 14 2017

    The English fail to capture Orleans, famously defended by Joan of Arc. Charles the Dauphin makes gains against the English and is crowned at the Cathedral of Reims. Philip the Good, meanwhile, concentrates on building up his Duchy of Burgundy. In 1435 the Treaty of Arras is signed between France and Burgundy - a major diplomatic defeat for the English  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 37.2 The English Kingdom in France

    Jul 07 2017

    After the death of Henry V, the English, under the leadership of John Duke of Burgundy, attempt to consolidate their hold on northern France and push into the south. Resistance forms in France around Charles the Dauphin. Also involved is Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy (pictured) although his main focus of attention is in his own lands to the east.  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 37.1 History of Burgundy, French Civil War in 1400's

    Jun 30 2017

    A History of Burgundy through the centuries. Civil war and the assassination of John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy leaves France vulnerable to invasion by King Henry V of England and helps lead to defeat at Agincourt in 1415  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 36.2 Battle of Agincourt 1415

    May 26 2017

    Agincourt 1415 - the most famous battle of The Hundred Years War. An army led by King Henry V of England achieves a resounding victory over the French  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 36.1 Hundred Years War, Build-up to Agincourt 1415

    May 19 2017

    Relations between England and France after the Battle of Poitiers 1356 and in the lead-up to the Battle of Agincourt 1415. I briefly cover the reigns of Kings Richard II and Henry IV of England, and Charles V and Charles VI of France  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 35.4 Battle of Grunwald/Tannenberg 1410

    May 06 2017

    The Battle of Grunwald/Tanneberg 1410 - an important battle in the history of Poland and the Baltic Region. Fought between the Teutonic Knights with guest crusaders on one side and on the other, a combined Polish/Lithuanian army. Also discussed is the battle's aftermath and its relevance today  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 35.3 Battle of Grunwald 1410 Part 3, Lithuania

    Apr 28 2017

    In the 14th century Lithuania became a major European power under the leadership of Algirdas, his brother Kęstutis, and their respective sons Jogaila and Vytautas (pictured), This episode describes Lithuania and her relations with the Teutonic Knights leading up to the Battle of Grunwald 1410  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 35.2 Teutonic Knights and Medieval Poland

    Apr 20 2017

    Struggle for Pomerania and Danzig/Gdansk between the native population, Teutonic knights and Kingdom of Poland. Teutonic knights move base to Marienberg. King Casimir the Great of Poland. Dynastic union of Poland and Lithuania in 1390's. Includes quotes from Chaucer's Canterbury Tales. Picture: Marienburg/Malbork fortress (visitmalbork.pl)  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 35.1 Baltic Region in 13th Century

    Apr 14 2017

    Baltic Region in the 13th Century. Origins of the Teutonic Knights. Expansion of the Duchy of Lithuania as far south as the Black Sea at the expense of the declining Mongol Empire  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 34.2 Battle of Kulikovo 1380

    Mar 17 2017

    In September 1380 Grand Prince Dmitri of Moscow led an army which confronted an invasion force of Mongols on the banks of the River Don. After his victory he became known to history as Dmitri Donskoi, and a great Russian hero. But to what extent is it justified to portray Dmitri as a symbol of Russian resistance against Tatar repression?  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 34.1 Rise of Muscovy. Russia under the 'Tatar Yoke'

    Mar 10 2017

    Build up to the Battle of Kulikovo, fought between Russian and Mongol armies in 1380. Covers the rise of Muscovy, and Russia under the 'Tatar Yoke'  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 33.1 Battle of Poitiers 1356, Hundred Years War

    Feb 17 2017

    Edward the Black Prince, son of King Edward III of England, wins the Battle of Poitiers 1356. The French King, John II, is captured and ransomed, while civil war erupts in his kingdom  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 32.1 Battle of Crecy 1346, Hundred Years War

    Feb 03 2017

    The Battle of Crecy was the first major land battle of the Hundred Years War - an important victory for the English and a landmark moment in European military history  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 31.1 Battle of Sluys 1340. Hundred Years War

    Jan 13 2017

    One of the greatest naval battles of the European Middle Ages, the English victory at The Battle of Sluys, fought at the coast of Flanders, was crucial to starting The Hundred Years War www.historyeurope.net  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 30.2 Hundred Years War Introduction Part 2

    Dec 30 2016

    King Edward III of England declares war on France to begin The Hundred Years War  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 30.1 Hundred Years War Introduction Part 1

    Dec 23 2016

    Background to The Hundred Years War (1337-1453). Thirteenth century France thrives; King Philip IV the Fair of France; Avignon Papacy begins  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 29.3 Battle of Rio Salado, Gibraltar Crusades (Rio Salado Part 3)

    Sep 02 2016

    The Battle of Rio Salado 1340 and the subsequent Siege of Algeciras were the key moments in the struggle for the Straits of Gibraltar between Christian Spain, Muslim North Africa and the Sultanate of Granada, the last remaining Muslim state in Iberia  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 29.2 Gibraltar Crusades, Castile, Granada and Morocco (Rio Salado Part 2)

    Aug 26 2016

    The Gibraltar Crusades is the name given to the struggle for control of the Straits between Spain and Morocco in the 13th and 14th centuries. Castile and the Marinid dynasty of Morocco fought each other and Granada, the last Muslim state in Iberia.  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 29.1 Thirteenth Century Spain (Rio Salado Part 1)

    Aug 19 2016

    After the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa 1212 the Christians of Iberia, especially the Castillians, are able to conquer much territory from the Muslims. Plus an overview of thirteenth century Spain  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 28.3 Battle of The Kalka River 1223, Mongols vs Kievan Rus

    Jul 23 2016

    The princes of Kievan Rus gather an army to confront a Mongol force which has invaded the Pontic Steppe. The two sides meet at the Battle of The Kalka River 1223  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 28.2 The Mongols Invade Eastern Europe

    Jul 15 2016

    After conquering northern China the Mongols of Genghis Khan launch a campaign westwards through Persia and the Caucasus Mountains and into Europe  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 28.1 Golden Age of Kievan Rus 988-1200. Rise of Vladimir Suzdal and Novgorod

    Jul 08 2016

    For two centuries after Vladimir the Great's conversion to Christianity Kievan Rus enjoyed a golden age. A common culture and sense of identity formed in the lands of the Rus' despite political turmoil. The three main centres of power, each different in character, were Vladimir Suzdal, Novgorod and Volynia-Galicia  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 27.5 Siege of Cherson 988, Conversion of Russians to Christianity

    Jun 17 2016

    Vladimir the Great is credited with transforming Kievan Rus into a true medieval state with Christianity at the heart of its sense of identity. The story is linked to the siege of the Crimean city of Cherson in 988 and the Byzantine Emperor Basil II The Bulgar Slayer  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 27.4 Early Kievan Rus. Rurik to Svyatoslav

    Jun 10 2016

    The dynasty of Rurik builds the foundations of a new power in eastern Europe - Kievan Rus. Princess Olga takes vengeance on a rebel town by burning it down, but after converting to Christianity was later sainted. Her son, Syvatoslav defeats the Khazars and then tries to resettle his people in Bulgaria before his early death  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 27.3 Slavs, Their Origins and Early History

    Jun 04 2016

    The origins of the Slavs are shrouded in uncertainty. We rely on scraps of contemporary writings and later writings such as The Primary Chronicle of Kievan Rus. They tell us of the unification by Vikings of scattered tribes in the region of the Baltic - Black Sea waterways  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 27.2 Crimea and Black Sea 500BC-800AD

    May 27 2016

    Brief history of Crimea and North Black Sea region 500BC-800 AD, during which time many different peoples having left their mark, including Greeks, Scythians, Romans, Goths, Byzantines, Bulgarians and Khazars  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 27.1 Early History of The Black Sea, Perspectives on Ukrainian and Russian History

    May 20 2016

    Intro is the Russian Presidential Address of 2014. Then an outline of different perspectives on Ukrainian and Russian History, and next a description of the geography and early history of the Black Sea region from the time of the Ancient Greeks  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 26.1 Albigensian Crusade, Second Half 1215-1229

    Apr 30 2016

    Simon de Montfort probably hoped to quickly finish off the last pockets of resistance after the Battle of Muret. Instead conflict continued for another one and a half decades. What would happen to Simon, to Count Raymond and the people of Languedoc at this critical period for the region?  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 25.3 Battle of Muret 1213, Part 3, Simon de Montfort vs King Peter II of Aragon

    Apr 24 2016

    In September 1213 in southwestern France two Christian armies faced each other off. One was led by King Peter II of Aragon, who after his glorious victory against a Muslim army at the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa the previous year, was not only one of the most respected monarchs of Christendom but a favoured son of the Church. The other army was composed of crusaders, mainly from northern France, fighting on behalf of the Pope to root out heresy from the French region of Languedoc  Se...more

  • 25.2 Albigensian Crusade in Languedoc, France Meets Resistance

    Apr 15 2016

    Simon de Montfort becomes leader of the Albigensian Crusade against the Cathars of Languedoc. He meets resistance from Count Raymond VI of Toulouse and the general population of the region  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 25.1 Cathars, Albigensian Crusade in Southern France

    Apr 08 2016

    Background to the Cathars and the Albigensian Crusade in Languedoc, southern France  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 24.3 Battle of Bouvines 1214, Part 3, Decisive Battle in Medieval France

    Mar 18 2016

    A powerful league unites against Philip II Augustus of France, including King John of England, Emperor Otto IV, and numerous counts of France. Historians are pretty unanimous, that this was a decisive battle which helped shape western Europe  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 24.2 King John of England prepares to Invade France

    Mar 11 2016

    King John prepares to invade France and recover his lost territories. In the meantime King Philip Augustus of France consolidates his gains on the continent, provoking resistance among local rulers, especially in Flanders.  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 24.1 German Emperors Frederick I, Henry VI, Otto IV Brought into Capetian-Plantagenet Conflict

    Mar 04 2016

    In the year 1204, Philip Augustus of France wrested control of the duchy of Normandy from King John of England. The long Capetian-Plantagenet struggle for power, however, was not yet over and would reach another decisive point a decade later at the Battle of Bouvines, 1214. This time the leaders of the other main power of the western Europe, Germany, would be brought into the conflict, and so also have important consequences for central Europe and Italy. And so for this episode I will get us up ...more

  • 23.5 Las Navas de Tolosa 1212, Part 5

    Feb 12 2016

    Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa. Caliph al-Nasir, also known as Miramamolin invades Spain with a huge Muslim army which is met in the Sierra Nevada mountains by a Christian army, including King Alfonso VIII of Castile, Pedro/Peter II of Aragon and Sancho VII of Navarre  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 23.4 Las Navas de Tolosa 1212, Part 4

    Feb 05 2016

    The Almohads invade Spain from North Africa while the Christian kings bicker among themselves. Alfonso VIII suffers a heavy defeat at the Battle of Alarcos in 1195  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 23.3 Las Navas de Tolosa 1212, Part 3, Medieval Spain, Rise of the Almohads

    Jan 29 2016

    The Almohads arrive in Spain from North Africa and threaten to overwhelm the peninsula. The greatest resistance comes not from the Christian kingdoms, but from a fellow Muslim known as 'El Rey Lobo' (The Wolf King), head of a kingdom based in Murcia, a city in its golden age  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 23.2 Las Navas de Tolosa 1212, Part 2

    Jan 22 2016

    The birth of the kingdom of Portugal, the Siege of Lisbon, and the Union of Aragon and Catalonia - the political map of the peninsula begins to form  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 23.1 Early Muslim Medieval Spain

    Jan 16 2016

    Before 1085 in Spain there was little question that it was the Muslims who had the upper hand in the balance of power. But after King Alfonso VI captured the city of Toledo in 1085, the Christians became much more confident and threatened to rapidly take over the whole peninsula. Why this didn’t happen can be explained for two reasons – firstly, the infighting between Christian rulers, and secondly, the influx of Muslim peoples from north Africa, firstly the Almoravids  See acast.com/p...more

  • 22.1 End of The Hundred Years War, Guest Episode on History of England Podcast

    Jan 06 2016

    A recent guest episode for the History of England podcast on the End of the Hundred Years War, in brief the years after Agincourt 1415, but focusing on the last four years from 1449-1453 and the Battles of Formigny and Castillon. In England the victories at Agincourt, Crecy and Poitiers are well known, but less so, the events around the end of the war, and how the French eventually drove the English from all the continent, except for Calais. www.historyeurope.net  See acast.com/privacy...more

  • 21.4 Chateau Gaillard 1203-04, Part 4, King John, Philip II Augustus

    Dec 12 2015

    King John of England in his first year or two of rule achieved some successes, but his lack of tact and diplomacy, plus poor decision-making lost him many allies in France. The focus of the escalating conflict between the Plantagenets and Capetians became Chateau Gaillard, a magnificent fortress in the key borderlands between Normandy and the French royal demesne around Paris. www.historyeurope.net  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 21.3 Sons of King Henry II of England Rebel, Encouraged by Philip II of France

    Dec 03 2015

    The sons of King Henry II of England, impatient for power of their own and encouraged by Louis VII and then Philip II Augustus of France, rebel against their father and end up damaging the cause of their dynasty, the Plantagenets. www.historyeurope.net  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 21.2 Louis VII of France Builds a Power Base

    Nov 27 2015

    The story of France in the High Middle Ages, the reigns of Louis VI and Louis VII. As the twelfth century opened the kings of France barely controlled much land beyond Paris, but these two monarchs began to build the foundations for the French kings' great rise in power and prestige. www.historyeurope.net  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 21.1 Chateau Gaillard 1203-04, Part 1, Angevin Empire

    Nov 21 2015

    William the Conqueror's conquest of England in 1066 and the division of his lands between England and Normandy sowed the seeds for centuries of Anglo-French conflict. This episode covers the reigns of Henry I of England, the Anarchy (civil war over Henry's succession) and the formation of the Angevin Empire of France and England under Henry II www.historyeurope.net  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 20.2 Constantinople 1204, Part 2, Fourth Crusade

    Oct 24 2015

    When crusaders arrived at Constantinople in 1203 they gazed in wonder, having never imagined that there could be so fine a place in the world. The 'Queen of Cities', founded by Constantine The Great in the early fourth century, had become imbued over the centuries with legends and Christian myths that gave the place a spiritual aura to match its physical grandeur. Yet in 1204 the city would be violently sacked and the once mighty Empire brought to its knees. www.historyeurope.net  See ...more

  • 20.1 Constantinople 1204, Part 1, Fourth Crusade

    Oct 17 2015

    In the year 1204, Constantinople, the largest and most splendid city by far in Europe was sacked, not by Muslims but by fellow Christians - and not only sacked but gutted by fire and indiscriminate violence. Part 1 describes the build-up and first steps of the crusade, including a history of early Venice. www.historyeurope.net  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 19.1 Third Crusade 1189-1192

    Sep 26 2015

    After the disaster at Hattin in 1187 Saladin appeared on the verge of completely wiping out the Crusader States from the Middle East. Instead he was met by stubborn resistance at Tyre, and the Acre. And when the kings of France and England arrived at Acre the tide began to turn in favour of the Christians, who now set the sights on recapturing Jerusalem. www.historyeurope.net  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 18.4 Battle of Hattin 1187, Part 4

    Aug 22 2015

    The Battle of Hattin fought on 4th July between Saladin and a considerable Christian army was a major turning point in the history of the Crusader States www.historyeurope.net  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 18.3 Battle of Hattin 1187, Part 3, Saladin

    Aug 15 2015

    The emergence of Saladin as preeminent Muslim ruler of the Levant, and the struggle for Egypt between Saladin and the Kingdom of Jerusalem. www.historyeurope.net  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 18.2 Battle of Hattin 1187, Part 2, The Second Crusade

    Aug 08 2015

    The Second Crusade (1145-1449), triggered by the Fall of Edessa. Conrad III of Germany and Louis VII of France lead the military campaign to boost the Crusader States in the Levant www.historyeurope.net  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 18.1 Battle of Hattin 1187, Part 1, Crusader States,

    Aug 01 2015

    The first years of the Crusaders States between the First and Second Crusades. The Fall of Edessa in 1144 www.historyeurope.net  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 17.4 Siege of Jerusalem 1099, First Crusade, Part 4

    Jul 03 2015

    The army of the First Crusade arrives at the Holy City of Jerusalem www.historyeurope.net  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 17.3 Siege of Jerusalem 1099, First Crusade, Part 3

    Jun 26 2015

    Christian warriors from around Europe converge on the Holy Land to fight the First Crusade. Despite many challenges the campaign starts well at the siege of Nicaea before reaching Antioch. One group, led by Baldwin of Flanders splits off from the main army and captures Edessa www.historyeurope.net  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 17.2 Siege of Jerusalem 1099, First Crusade, Part 2

    Jun 19 2015

    Build-up to the First Crusade from the perspective of the Byzantine Empire, the Turks in Asia Minor and the Levant, the area about to be invaded. www.historyeurope.net  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 17.1 Siege of Jerusalem 1099, First Crusade, Part 1

    Jun 13 2015

    Build-up to the First Crusade. The Investiture Controversy between Emperor Henry IV and Pope Gregory VII, plus the growing influence of the Normans under Robert Guiscard, and the reasons behind the call to crusade by Pope Urban II www.historyeurope.net  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 16.4 Fall of Toledo 1085, Part 4

    May 23 2015

    The capture of Toledo, the capital of the old Visigothic kingdom, by Alfonso VI The Brave from the Muslims. Also the final days of El Cid www.historyeurope.net  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 16.3 Fall of Toledo 1085, Part 3

    May 15 2015

    The early Medieval Spain of El Cid. The story of King Ferdinand I of Leon and Castile and his sons Sancho and Alfonso, as depicted in the epic Hollywood film. Plus, the conflict between Aragon and Muslim Zaragoza, the arrival of crusaders from across the Pyrenees, and the Siege of Barbastro www.historyeurope.net  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 16.2 Tenth Century Spain, Almanzor, Collapse of Umayyad Caliphate

    May 10 2015

    The golden age of Muslim Spain, the military dictatorship of Almanzor, the collapse of the caliphate into petty kingdoms (taifas), Sancho III El Mayor of Navarre, and the rise of Castile and Aragon www.historyeurope.net  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 16.1 Fall of Toledo 1085, Part 1, Medieval Spain

    May 02 2015

    The History of early medieval Spain from the Islamic conquest in 711 to the establishment of the magnificent Caliphate of Cordoba, and the first successful Christian resistance which will ultimately lead to the reconquest, or Reconquista, of the Iberian peninsula www.historyeurope.net  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 15.1 The Battle of Manzikert 1071

    Mar 29 2015

    In 1071 the Byzantine Empire, weakened by the mismanagement of a series of weak emperors, suffered a catastrophic defeat at the hands of the Seljuk Turks, newly arrived in the region. www.historyeurope.net  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 14.2 The Battle of Hastings 1066, Part 2

    Mar 01 2015

    The newly crowned King of England, Harold Godwinson faced two invasions within days, firstly from the viking Harold Hardrada in the north, and then William Duke of Normandy on the south coast. This is the story of probably the most important battle ever fought on English soil. www.historyeurope.net  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 14.1 The Battle of Hastings 1066, Part 1

    Feb 22 2015

    The most famous battle on English soil in 1066, between the Normans and Anglo-Saxons. Part 1 gives a summary of English and Norman history leading up to that fateful year www.historyeurope.net  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 13.4 The Battle of Civitate 1053 AD, Part 4

    Jan 25 2015

    In the first half of the eleventh century, the Normans gained much territory in Italy but in so doing had made many enemies. In 1054 Pope Leo IX brought together a force of Lombards, Germans and Byzantines to confront them. The Normans won an overwhelming victory and effectively conquered the southern half of the peninsula www.historyeurope.net  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 13.3 The Battle of Civitate 1053 AD, Part 3

    Jan 18 2015

    The Normans arrive in Italy first as pilgrims on their way to the Holy Land, then as mercenaries. It is not long before they begin to acquire territories and titles on the peninsula in their own right. www.historyeurope.net  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 13.2 The Battle of Civitate 1053 AD, Part 2

    Jan 11 2015

    The popes of the eleventh and early twelfth century were hardly living by the standards set by their religion. In spite of this this they still enjoyed considerable reverence among the leaders of Christendom. A papal alliance with the German Emperors, which proved highly valuable but sometimes very difficult, became a key element of medieval Italian history. www.historyeurope.net  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 13.1 The Battle of Civitate 1053 AD, Part 1

    Dec 30 2014

    During the next four podcasts I will tell the history of Italy from between the fall of Rome up until 1053, the year of an important battle between Pope Leo IX and Norman invaders of Italy. These centuries witnessed a long struggle for power between various sides, with many shifts of fortune. The Battle of Civitate marks the point at which the Normans firmly established themselves in Italy and so reshaped the politics of the peninsula. www.historyeurope.net  See acast.com/privacy for p...more

  • 12.1 The Battle of Kleidion 1014 AD

    Nov 30 2014

    A focus on southeastern Europe. The history of early Bulgaria and its relationship with the Byzantine Empire, often one of peace and cultural exchange, but also involving military conflict including the Battle of Kleidion in 1014 AD www.historyeurope.net  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 11.2 The Battle of Lechfeld 955 AD, Part 2

    Nov 01 2014

    Concluding part of the Battle of Lechfeld, 955 AD. Otto the Great assembles an army of fellow Germans and Bohemians to defeat a force of Hungarian raiders. His victory proved decisive in the shaping of central Europe www.historyeurope.net  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 11.1 The Battle of Lechfeld 955 AD, Part 1

    Oct 26 2014

    In the year 955 was fought a crucial battle for central Europe, which proved highly significant for the early histories of Germany and Hungary. Here I describe the build-up to the Battle of Lechfeld www.historyeurope.net  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 10.3 The Battle of Brunanbuhr 937 AD, Part 3

    Sep 07 2014

    In AD 937 took place 'the Great Battle' of early medieval Britain, a time when the political and cultural map of the isles was forming, which lasts till today. The King of Wessex, Athelstan, grandson of King Alfred the Great, was forced to confront an alliance of Scots, Vikings and northern Britons in his attempt to become King of all Britain www.historyeurope.net  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 10.2 The Battle of Brunanbuhr 937 AD, Part 2

    Aug 31 2014

    In the ninth century the Vikings repeatedly attacked Britain, overcoming all Anglo-Saxon kingdoms except for Wessex. King Alfred the Great of Wessex, not only managed to defend his kingdom but to turn the tide against the Vikings and build the foundations of the state of England  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 10.1 The Battle of Brunanbuhr 937 AD

    Aug 25 2014

    On September 18th the people of Scotland will vote to decide whether to stay part of the United Kingdom or whether to form an independent nation. This is the story of the early formation of the kingdoms of Britain after the fall of the Roman Empire, leading to the different regional identities that exist on the isles today.  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 09.1 The Battle of Tours 732 AD

    Jul 20 2014

    The Franks of Charles Martel vs Islamic Umayyad Caliphate. From the mid seventh century the Muslim armies conquered lands from Spain to Persia forming a powerful new world empire. In 732 AD a large Muslim raiding party in southern France was confronted by the leader of the Franks, a Germanic people who over the previous couple of centuries had take control of the area of modern day France. This is the story of the great battle that ensued. More details at www.historyeurope.net  See aca...more

  • 08.2 The Battle of Yarmouk 636 AD, Part 2

    Jun 22 2014

    The Rise of Islam in the 630’s threatened the existence of two ancient superpowers - the Persian and Roman Empires. In 636 AD the decisive battle took place between the Arabs led by Khalid ibn al-Walid and the Byzantine/Roman Empire of Heraklius- the Battle of Yarmouk. More details at www.historyeurope.net  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 08.1 The Battle of Yarmouk 636 AD, Part 1

    Jun 15 2014

    In the 620's the Eastern Roman Empire faced several threats, most notably the Persian Empire. Part 1 focuses on the conflict between Constantinople and Persia. This provides the context for the Rise of Islam in the 630's leading to the decisive Battle of Yarmouk in 636 AD between the Roman Emperor Heraclius and the Arab invaders.  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 07.3 The Battle of The Catalaunian Fields 451 AD, Part 3

    May 18 2014

    Attila and the Huns vs Aetius and the Roman Empire, with their respective allies  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 07.2 The Battle of The Catalaunian Fields 451 AD, Part 2

    May 11 2014

    The rise of the Roman army commander Aetius who would face Attila and the Huns in the Battle of the Catalaunian Fields in the twilight of Empire  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 07.1 Goths Invade Roman Empire, Battle of Adrianople 378AD

    May 04 2014

    The western Roman Empire was about to fall. But in 451 AD her soldiers had one last great victory on the battlefield, At the Battle of the Catalaunian Fields the destructive armies of Attila and the Huns were kept at bay and prevented from overrunning Western Europe  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 06.1 The Battle of The Milvian Bridge 312 AD

    Apr 13 2014

    In the year AD 312, Constantine the Great defeated his main rival for the title of emperor in Western Europe. He is one of the most significant people in history, as the first Christian Emperor, who vigorously promoted the religion  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 05.2 The Battle of The Teutoburg Forest 9 AD, Part 2

    Mar 23 2014

    The Roman Empire of Augustus vs an alliance of Germanic tribes. Description of the battle, in which Arminius led his German followers on an ambush which destroyed three Roman legions, and contributed to halting Rome’s expansion into northern Europe.  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 05.1 The Battle of The Teutoburg Forest 9 AD, Part 1

    Mar 16 2014

    The Roman Empire of Augustus vs an alliance of Germanic tribes. In AD 9 Rome was steadily gaining control over the territory of Germania, north of the Rhine. However, they suffered a devastating defeat, and the loss of three legions in the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest. Part 1 describes the build-up to this event. More information at www.historyeurope.net  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 04.2 The Battle of Zama 202 BC, Part 2

    Mar 02 2014

    Hannibal of Carthage v Scipio Africanus of Rome. Rome fought back against Hannibal's campaign in Italy and the various revolts they faced. They then launched an invasion of Africa, which led to the decisive Battle of Zama, 202 BC  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 04.1 The Battle of Zama 202 BC, Part 1

    Feb 23 2014

    Hannibal of Carthage v Scipio Africanus of Rome. In the third century BC the Roman faced its biggest challenge to date - The Punic Wars against the Phoenicians of Carthage. The two sides fought for decades. This podcast describes the build up to the Battle of Zama, the culmination of the Second Punic War. More information at www.historyeurope.net  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 03.2 The Battle of Gaugamela 331 BC, Part 2

    Feb 09 2014

    Part 2 of 2 on the Battle of Gaugamela, 331 BC. In 334 BC Alexander the Great's Greek/Macedonian army of conquest marched into Asia. Here I tell the story of the campaign, and Alexander's plans to forge a new Greco-Persian culture  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 03.1 The Battle of Gaugamela 331 BC, Part 1

    Feb 02 2014

    Part 1 of 2 on the Battle of Gaugamela, 331 BC. Describes the build up to the invasion of the Persian Empire by Alexander the Great, with an army of Greeks and Macedonians  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 02.2 The Battle of Marathon 490 BC, Part 2

    Jan 19 2014

    Part 2 of 2 on the Battle of Marathon, between the Ancient Greeks and the Persian Empire  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 02.1 The Battle of Marathon 490 BC, Part 1

    Jan 12 2014

    In 490 BC the Ancient Greeks of Athens fought for their very survival and for their way of life against the Persian Empire. It is important because the Greeks were to help build the foundations of European civilisation  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

  • 01.1 A History of Europe, Introduction

    Dec 28 2013

    The year 2014 marks a hundred years since the beginning of the First World War- a war which started in Europe and tore the continent apart. It is a time for reflection on its legacy. This podcast acts as an introduction to the series of podcasts telling the history of Europe from the Ancient Greeks to the First World War  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.