Discussions from Ancient Warfare Magazine. Why did early civilisations fight? Who were their Generals? What was life like for the earliest soldiers? Ancient Warfare Magazine will try and answer these questions. Warfare minus two thousand years.
It is a big thanks to Gerrard for emailing Murray this question. Murray tells us about who is his favourite military author, and why. Join us on Patron patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast
A few months ago, in response to episode AW137, where the team discussed the Greco-Persian war, Maxnet got in touch via Facebook to ask which source was Murray quoting with respect to the Battle of Marathon. Murray explains the sources. Join us on Patron patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast
It is the 1,900th anniversary of the building of Hadrian's Wall, that is if it was begun in AD 122 and not AD 119. Not only is there doubt over the year construction was started on the wall, but we also are not completely sure what its function was. As such, a good topic for the team to discuss. Patreon: patreon.com/ancientwarfare
Rich posed this question for Murray, 'we have a relatively good picture of what the Roman Legionary weapons and materiel manufacturing process looked like (at least for some time periods). Do we have any similar information for the Philippian/Alexandrian Macedonian army? That's a lot of 16-foot-long sarissa shafts and spear points to manufacture, and I'm curious what we know about it'. Join us on Patron patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast
Patron of the podcast Chris writes, 'we are told right before the great Illyrian revolt of AD 6-9, the Romans were preparing a campaign against king Maroboduus and the Marcomanni. It is said he had an army of 74,000 (70,000 infantry and 4,000 Cavalry). What do you guys think the outcome would have been of that war/campaign; would he have stood a chance resisting the roman campaign?' Murray gives us his opinion. Join us on Patron patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast
Scot emailed us this question for Murray to answer; 'Certain tribal confederations, like the Franks & Saxons, typically bear "namesake" weapons (e.g. the Francisca and the Sax). Is the name of the weapon thought to be derived from the name of the confederation, or is the name of the confederation derived from the weapon?' Patreon: patreon.com/theancientwarfarpodcast
In this episode of the Ancient Warfare Magazine podcast Jasper, Murray and Myke talk to games designer Mark Backhouse about his new game Strength & Honour. The game allows you to recreate battles from the start of the Marian reforms in Rome around 105BC, when the professional Roman legionaries organised in cohorts replaced the older Republican Legion structure of maniples, through to about 200AD.
Patron of the podcast James poses this question for Murray, 'The number of Spartan soldiers declined from its high of 10,000 to less than 2,000 around its defeat by Thebes due, in part, to increasing economic concentration and the resulting decline in the number of soldiers able to pay their mess contributions. Did Spartan society recognise this decline as a problem, and were there efforts to reverse this trend? If there were, why did they fail?' Patreon: patreon.com/theancientwarfarpodcast
Murray is on his own this week. He answers this question sent in from patron of the podcast, Greg; 'How widespread was the use of Hamippoi in 5th BC Greece?' Patreon: patreon.com/theancientwarfarpodcast
Murray answers this question sent in from Christoper, 'do the sources tell us anything about the Spartan warrior Arimnestus who threw the rock that killed Mardonius? I am curious if we know if he survived the battle and if he would have been honoured for his efforts in the victory?' Patreon: patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast
The legion that wrested control of the Mediterranean region from Carthage and the Successor states is very familiar. But some notions have recently been challenged. Following the discussion of the Roman legion in episode 119, the Ancient Warfare team returns to the topic with this episode looking at issue XV.4 of the magazine. Patreon: patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast
Patron of the podcast Lubos asks, 'Why was the greek phalanx so ineffective against the Romans? Were they just obsolete or just that the Greek generals didn't evolve their tactics and formations to counter roman maniples?' Murray gives us his opinion. Patreon: patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast
Sparked by current events in the work patron of the podcast Carlos asks 'what steps did ancient commanders do to ensure that their army's logistics were in order?' Patreon: patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast
Murray is still in New Zealand but has found the time to answer this question from patron of the podcast Chris. 'How much do we trust Homer? Are there good examples of corroborating accounts that give us the means to verify or put his missives in context?' Patreon: patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast
Murray is on holiday in New Zealand, but while on his travels he has found the time to answer this question from Christopher. 'Do we have any indication as to what Epaminondas of Thebes looked like? He was a fantastic general and I find it strange that we have not found any statues or busts that portray him. Is it because Alexander razed Thebes to the ground?" Patreon: patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast
We were due to look at the latest issue of the magazine Rise of the Legion pt.II. As the issue has only just been released, we thought we would save the discussion on that topic for the next full episode of the podcast in May. In the meantime, Myke suggested the team discuss commanders as tactical units and whether they participated in the fighting, or command from behind the lines? Patreon: patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast
Murray tackles this question from Jorn Schneider, 'How did generals plan campaigns and how did armies find out where to go without maps?'
Murray is once more without Jasper but give us his opinion on what he thinks mattered most in Ancient Warfare. Patreon: patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast
Murray is on his own this week and tackles this question sent in by Patron of the podcast Paul, 'Name one event in Ancient Warfare where the majority of the sources are in agreement with an event happening, be it a battle or an event during a battle, etc. but you call foul - never happened - and vice versa.' Patreon: patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast
While we wait for the latest episode of the magazine to be released, Murray suggested the Ancient Warfare team address one of the questions sent from a listener. What do you think was the most important factor in ancient warfare?
Anne asks 'how did ancient armies and generals inspire (coerce?) loyalty among the troops?' Patreon: patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast
Patron of the podcast Carlos sent us this question, 'what were the methods used by groups like the Romans or any of the Near East powers to counter the firepower discipline and mobility of the horse archer nomad armies?' Patreon: patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast
Murray gives his thoughts on this question sent in by Greg 'There are quite a few examples of the use of recon and scouting from ancient warfare (perhaps more where it didn't happen!). Also, we see examples of espionage and intel via xenoi relationships in the Greek world. But how much did we see what we might recognise as military intelligence, and how dependant was it on the personality of a commander?' Patreon: patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast
We regularly receive emails for Jasper and Murray with suggestions for Ancient Warfare Answers. Greg asked ‘what have been the biggest developments or changes in the past 15-20 years in our understanding of ancient warfare?’ It is too good of a question for just Murray and Jasper, so in this episode of the Ancient Warfare Magazine podcast Greg's question is put to the team. Patreon:patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast
Adam asks 'Slings are an iconic weapon of the ancient period, but don't seem to have been used much in later periods. What made them so suited to ancient warfare?' Murray is on his own and tackles this one. Patreon: patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast
Murray answers this question sent in from Micius. Do you think the “Grass Crown” was really a rare award or that it just wasn’t written about very often for whatever reason? Patreon: patreon.com/anceintwarfarepodcast
Murray tackles this question on the Silver Shields. Do we have any evidence that the Silver Sheilds' actual combat effectiveness began to diminish as they grew old? How much of it was true strength and how much of it was fearsome reputation? How unique were these 'old' veterans in ancient warfare? Patreon: patreon.com/anceintwarfarepodcast
'To the Greeks and Romans, the Trojan War was the beginning of all warfare and set the standards for the expected behaviour of all men. How does the epic fit actual history?' The Ancient Warfare podcast team discuss the latest issue of the magazine X.3 Warfare in the Age of Homer. Patreon: patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast
In our last episode before a short hiatus for Christmas, Jasper tackles this question on Hannibal’s logistics that was sent in by Anne one of the Patrons of the podcast. Patreon: patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast
In AD 132 began the bloody struggle between two strong-willed leaders over who would rule a nation. Ancient Warfare Magazine regular Lindsay Powell has a new book out Bar Kokhba: The Jew Who Defied Hadrian and Challenged the Might of Rome. Lindsay is joined by Jasper and Marc to discuss his new book. Patreon: Patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast
What were the different types of ships used by the Romans navy? Did they only use triremes? Jasper tackles this question from from Douglas Gatto. Why not support the podcast: patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast
Josh sent this question in for Murray to ponder over. During the Roman period, we have evidence of reasonably specific units based on (original) area of recruitment, e.g. *Legio IX Hispana*, *Cohors Germanorum*, and so on. I was wondering if we have anything similar for the Hellenistic/Successor period. Outside of names that were originally geographic but likely became generic terms for a certain type of unit (Cretan archers and Tarantine cavalry), do we know of any specific recruiting grounds f...more
Untaxed, but burdened by Rome's demands for ever more infantry and cavalry from their small tribe, the Batavians use the chaos of AD 69 to revolt. It would take the combined effort of nine legions to quell. The Ancient Warfare Magazine team fields listeners questions. Join us on Patreon: patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast
Daniel asks, 'I was curious about Roman marines. I see them depicted in video games the same as a classic 1st century legionary, but with their red clothing and shield swapped out with blue. Did Marines fight, and were they equipped the same as a regular legionary soldier? Did they participate in land battles and were they seen as inferior or superior to the regular army? Did they have the same terms of service as their land bases counterparts? Find us on patreon: patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodca...more
Murray answers this question, sent in from Manvir. Could Alexander have convinced his men to head further into India? Was one reason for turning back the fear of facing elephants? Was this reflective of poor morale?' Find us on patreon: patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast
Jasper tackles this question from one of our patrons. ‘Did Ancient Armies wargame in any fashion we would recognize? Either in the armchair sense, or practically in the fields or on the seas? Did the Romans have wargames exercises to counter barbarian armies or Persian fleets? On the armchair side watching ‘I Claudius’ episode 1 there Augustus is playing a board game he calls ‘Empire’ with Agrippa’s two young sons. I expect this is just a story telling invention of the author or TV adaptation, b...more
Thanks to Paul for sending this in, 'what is one battle where sources agree but you don't?' It is a great question and one we may revisit on a full episode of the podcast. Patreon: Patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast
Murray is flying solo again this week. He tackles the question 'why didn't the Persians react faster to the invasion of 336 BC?'. Patreon: Patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast
Ancient Warfare regular Myke Cole has a new book available, The Bronze Lie. In this episode of the podcast Murray and Mark discuss the book with Myke. 'The Bronze Lie' explores the Spartans' arms and armour, tactics and strategy, the personalities of commanders and the common soldiery alike. It looks at the major battles, with a special focus on previously under-publicized Spartan reverses that have been left largely unexamined. The result is a refreshingly honest and accurate account of Sp...more
We got this question from Nathan, 'who were the Thureophoroi, where were they from and how did they fight?' Support us on Patreon: patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast Find the magazine at: karwansaraypublishers.com/ancient-warfare-magazine
Patron of the podcast Anne asks, what do we know about how Hannibal supplied his troops during his campaigns, particularly through the Alps? With elephants!' Murray gives us his thoughts. Support us on Patreon: patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast Find the magazine at: https://www.karwansaraypublishers.com/ancient-warfare-magazine
Murray answers this question sent in by Brian 'The romans took a lot of slaves when they won a battle but how did they turn an angry defeated warrior into a pliant slave?' Support us on Patreon: patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast
'If ancient soldiers were trained at all, it was generally for fighting in a formation in the battle line. But on rare occasions, generals would train and use troops for special operations.' The Ancient Warfare team consider Ancient Warfare Magazine XV.1 which focuses on Special Operations in antiquity. Find us a patreon: patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast
Patron of the podcast Joshua asks 'I often read about certain battles, sieges, or encounters being influenced through psychological warfare. How effective was psychological warfare in the ancient world? What were the most effective methods?' Support us on Patreon: patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast
Patron of the podcast Ian asks 'which was the fastest army in the ancient world traveling over land? Herodotus mentions the Spartan relief force that raced to Marathon, travelling around 150kms in 3 days- is this a record?'. Support us on Patreon: patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast
With the summer holiday season in full swing for all the team (except Murray in Australia), we thought we'd discuss everyone's favourite fiction books, which feature ancient warfare. Subscribe to the magazine: https://www.karwansaraypublishers.com/ancient-warfare-magazine Become a patron: https://www.patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast Books Mentioned:Banner, James M. The Ever-Changing Past Breem, Wallace. Eagle in the Snow Davis, Lindsay. The Falco Series https://www.lindseydavis.co.uk/publ...more
Andrew sent us this question, 'I was wondering how the intertwining of heroic figures into people’s lineage, was viewed by the common people.' Murray gives us his opinion. Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast Ancient Warfare Magazine: https://www.karwansaraypublishers.com/ancient-warfare-magazine
Could Hannibal have won the second punic war? Jasper is busy putting the magazine together so Murray gives us his opinion. Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast Ancient Warfare Magazine: https://www.karwansaraypublishers.com/ancient-warfare-magazine
Alex, part of our patreon community asks 'how much do you feel that luck played a role in ancient combat? Theoretically luck would be more of a factor in the gunpowder age, but I can’t imagine worse luck than being a Roman at Cannae. Low chance of survival, no matter your martial skill. Thoughts?' Jasper is busy this week so Murray is flying solo. Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast Ancient Warfare Magazine: https://www.karwansaraypublishers.com/ancient-warfare-magazine
Zoe on patreon asks, 'we know about the four horned saddles the Roman cavalry used but do we have any idea of what sorts of saddles might've been used elsewhere in the ancient world?' Murray answers this one. Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast Ancient Warfare Magazine: https://www.karwansaraypublishers.com/ancient-warfare-magazine
It's thanks to Alex who emailed in this question, what was the difference between Auxilia & Foederat? Is not why the different name? Join us on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast
Famously warlike and imperialistic, the Neo-Assyrians cut a swathe across the ancient Near East. Surviving artwork and written sources give us clues as to how they accomplished this. The team discuss Ancient Warfare XIV.6, the Neo-Assyrian Empire at war. Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast
Listener Rick wonders if there are there any other examples of gaining entry to a city using something like a Trojan horse? Or are there any other examples of using ingenious methods to get into a city? Join us on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast
Jasper tackles this question from patron of the podcast Ken. How "useful" are the accounts of warfare as described in the Old Testament? I'm interested in a discussion about sources as much as anything (i.e. why were they written, to whom and which biases might have been present). Are any of the Old Testament accounts helpful in triangulating sources? Join us on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast
Patron of the podcast Louis asks, what were the impacts of the introduction and subsequent spread of Christianity on the Roman military's practices and that of its opponents? Were there any improvements in the treatment of the defeated, taking into account that most barbarians were also christians although of a different denomination? Or maybe changes in the way discipline was handled could be attributed to the new religious practices. Murray mulls this one over. Join us on Patreon: https://www....more
Murray and Mark talk to James Romm about his new book The Sacred Band: Three hundred Greek lovers fighting to save Greek freedom. The Sacred Band highlights a monumental era in history, one marked by war, ideological divide, the rise of eros in Greek public life, and the end of freedom. Romm reintroduces the tale of the Sacred Band—previously suppressed by the Greek historian Xenophon, who deeply mistrusted male eros—to the historical record. James Romm is an author, reviewer, and the James H. O...more
Patron of the podcast, David wonders how long it took armies to set up for a battle? Did the opposition interfere or were there rules for that? Murray ponders the question. Become a patron at: https://www.patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast
The Macedonian armies of Phillip and Alexander were almost invincible, but afterwards “Macedonian” style armies seem to be more hit and miss (vs. Romans, Indians, Parthians, Celts etc.). Was this because Philip and Alexander’s troops were uniquely competent, or was it that the commanders after Alexander just couldn’t measure up? Murray answers this question sent in from patron of the podcast Juan. Become at patron at: https://www.patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast
With Jasper away Murray tackles this question sent to us from patron of the podcast Kristoffer, how did ancient leaders address their troops? Why not support the podcast? Starting at the $5 level, patrons of the podcast receive a copy of Ancient Warfare Magazine: https://www.patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast
In this episode Murray, Jasper and Mark talk to Bret Devereaux. In 2020 Bret presented his paper 'Mail Armour in the Middle Republic: Adoption, Prevalence and Impact' to the Society for Classical Studies/Archaeological Institute of America Joint Annual meeting. Why not become at patron and get the magazine: https://www.patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast
Murray answers this question from one of our patrons, Mythic Lore; 'What is known / reasonably theorised about the formations and tactics used during the late bronze age (Mycenaeans, Hittites, Luwians - Trojan War, etc)?' Like the podcast? Why not become a patron? https://www.patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast
Joshua, one of our patrons asks, what was day-to-day life like for the legions when they were not on campaign or actively involved in a war? Jasper tells us all about it. Like the podcast? Why not become a patron? https://www.patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast
Natasha asks, is there any pre-biblical examples of religious wars (if only justified by religions)? Or is "holy war" solely endorsed by a strong monotheistic religion? Like the podcast? Why not become a patron? https://www.patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast
'The second half of the third century AD saw Rome's military leadership embroiled in a deadly power struggle. Meanwhile, on the empire's frontiers, trouble was brewing...' The Ancient Warfare team discuss issue XIV.5 of Ancient Warfare magazine. If you're not already a patron of the podcast you can find us on patreon: https://www.patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast
Murray tackles this question from Juan; It seems that Phillip/Alexander’s army was almost invincible but afterwards “Macedonian” style armies seem to be a lot more hit and miss (vs. Romans, Indians, Parthians, Celts etc.). Was this because Philip/Alexander’s troops were uniquely competent/trained or were the commanders after Alexander just not as good? I’m mostly thinking about the pike phalanx but if there’s any information on the light infantry or cavalry troops I’d love to learn! Like the pod...more
Jasper answers this question from Dag, what's the latest vote on Caesar? A ruthless man who butchered and enslaved women and children for his personal benefit or a saviour in terms of combating and changing a corrupt oligarchy? Like the podcast? Why not become a patron? https://www.patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast
Murray on his own this week, he takes a question from patron 'Celtic Ace' who asks how did the phalanx come about? To become a patron goto: https://www.patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast
The battle of Cannae was a catastrophic defeat for the Romans, but where did these legionaries come from? Jasper tells us where. Like the podcast? Why not become a patron: https://www.patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast
In this episode, Jasper and Murray are joined by Dr Nicolas Wiater and Dr Alice König who lead the Visualising War project at St Andrews University. "War is a topic of perennial importance to people from all sectors of all societies, and battle narratives play a major role – in many different forms – in shaping and mediating responses to war. Think of Homer’s Iliad, the histories of Livy, the Bayeux Tapestry, Shakespeare’s history plays, Tolstoy’s War and Peace, Picasso’s Guernica, Shostakovich’...more
If cavalry attacked a Macedonian phalanx how did it react? Did the phalanx have a tactic to hold them off? Murray explains.. Like the podcast? Why not become a patron: https://www.patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast
If a roman legionary camp was attacked, how fast could it react? Jasper gives us his opinion. Like the podcast? Why not become a patron: https://www.patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast
Murray tells us about the development of the Macedonian phalanx. Why not become at patron of the podcast: https://www.patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast
In the late sixth-century BC, it became clear that the expanding Persian Empire and the Greek city states in Asia and the Aegean would soon come into conflict... The Ancient Warfare Magazine team discuss the latest issue of the magazine XIV.4, The Greco-Persian Wars. For those who are not already patrons of the podcast, we've updated the tiers. We've also added subscription to the magazine. You can find out more at patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast.
Was there etiquette to starting a battle, or did they just happen? Murray investigates.
What were borders like in the ancient world? Were there hard borders which stopped imperial expansion? Jasper gives us his opinion.
Were the Theban Sacred Band trained to target officers? Murray gives us the answer.
In this episode the Ancient Warfare team are between issues of the magazine, so Mark suggested they discuss coups in the ancient world. For those who are not already patrons of the podcast, we've updated the tiers. We've added subscription to the magazine. You can find out more at patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast.
Jasper explains how the Praetorian Guard became such a powerful force.
Hugo watching on youtube writes, “it's said that Hannibal took armour and weapons from the dead Romans so he must have used tactics without the phalanx. Do you agree?" Murray gives his opinion. Don't forget by signing up as a patron, you can choose to subscribe to the magazine at the same time!
What do you want to know about Roman Wedges? Murray has the answers. Don't forget by signing up as a patron, you can choose to subscribe to the magazine at the same time!
How did armies store their money? Jasper has the answers... Don't forget by signing up as a patron, you can choose to subscribe to the magazine at the same time!
A sturdy set of walls is a powerful deterrent: that's why ancient empires devoted so much time to understanding how to best build (and break down) these defensive structures. The team discuss the vol.XIV-3 of the magazine, Breaking Down the Walls: Fortifications and Siege Warfare.
Jasper tells us about last stands in the ancient world. Don't forget by signing up as a patron, you can choose to subscribe to the magazine at the same time!
Jasper tells us about the aftermath of a battle, what was it like for wounded or vanquished soldiers? What happened to the dead? Enjoy the podcast? Why not become a patron?
Murray ponders this query from Michael watching on youtube, 'maybe a side note to this is to draw parallels with the Celtic invasions of Greece and how they fought the phalanx? Or what Hannibal learnt from his Spanish war, and how he applied that against the legions.' Enjoy the podcast? Why not become a patron?
'Torn between the mighty empire that raised him and his own tribal people, a Roman officer's conflicted allegiances lead to an epic historical clash' The Ancient Warfare magazine team are joined by Joanne Ball from Liverpool University to discuss the new Netflix hit series Barbarians. The action takes place in Magna Germania in 9 AD, with events culminating in the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest.
J.Soth listening via youtube asks, 'How were cataphracts, Thessalian cavalry and companion cavalry etc able to use shock tactics without spurs and other knightly equipment?' Enjoy the podcast? Why not become a patron?
Murray gets to grips with Austin's question when he asks 'Achaemenid Persian Immortals, what do we know about them, how did they fight, how where they used etc'. If you have any questions email Jasper at email@example.com Enjoy the podcast? Why not become a patron?
Robert asks, 'Was the Roman Army of the later Roman Empire really that bad as everyone believes? Were they really a shadow of the republican and early empire legions? Although they were defeated at Adrianople, other than that battle, they seemed to have done rather well against foreign enemies but were just stretched too thin and always involved in civil strife.' If you have any questions email Jasper at firstname.lastname@example.org Enjoy the podcast? Why not become a patron? https://www.patreon....more
J.Soth listening via youtube asks, 'didn't the Roman's employ phalanx tactics premaniple era?' If you have any questions email Jasper at email@example.com Enjoy the podcast? Why not become a patron?
'Before emerging as the greatest power in the Mediterranean world, Rome spent many centuries in relative obscurity, developing and refining new military tactics and structures that would set it up for unprecedented success.' The ancient warfare team discuss the latest issue of the magazine Ancient Warfare XIV.2, Rise of the Legion: The Development of the Roman Army.
Jasper answers the question from patron Carlos, 'how did the Romans adapt to the mainly cavalry armies of the Parthians and later Sassanids?' If you have any questions email Jasper at firstname.lastname@example.org Enjoy the podcast? Why not become a patron?
Murray answers the question from patron Cosma 'What was the process of hiring mercenaries in ancient armies?' If you have any questions email Jasper at email@example.com Enjoy the podcast? Why not become a patron?
Treb Courie asks, was the iron shank of the pilum designed to be soft and bend easily? If you have any questions email Jasper at firstname.lastname@example.org Enjoy the podcast? Why not become a patron?
Rams and ramming, is the topic of this Ancient Warfare magazine podcast. The chaps focus on the Actian Victory monument and the Egadi and others found around Sicily. Jasper, Murray, Marc, Lindsay and Mark are joined by Stephen DeCasien.
J.Soth listening via youtube asks, how was all the intense cavalry action possible in ancient history? Thessalian diamond formation charge, companion cavalry charge/melee engagements, Numidian light cavalry etc. without use of the stirrup or more modern saddle technology? If it's all with a rope or cord and thigh gripping, then they must have had some seriously chiseled legs. If you have any questions email Jasper at email@example.com Enjoy the podcast? Why not become a patron?
Murray ponders the question, Why did Sparta adopt the Macedonian Phalanx? If you have any questions email Jasper at firstname.lastname@example.org Enjoy the podcast? Why not become a patron?
Gabriel Ruge emailed this question, did Boudicca have a chance of beating the Romans, were mean her odds were better than 50-50? What if she had signed some sort of alliance with the Caledonians? What if the British used every force multiplier in the book. Attacking from high ground, rough terrain, numbers, movement (chariots) etc. If you have any questions email Jasper at email@example.com Enjoy the podcast? Why not become a patron?
The team are back looking at issue XIV.1 Crucible of Empires: Warfare in Hellenistic Asia Minor. Thanks to all those who sent in questions, watched and commented as we recorded live. After the fall of Alexander the Great, the Successors set to work carving out kingdoms of their own. Asia Minor became an important proving ground for these would-be rulers.
In Ancient Warfare Answers, Jasper (editor of Ancient Warfare Magazine) and Murray (deputy editor) tackle your questions on ancient military topics. In this episode Murray answers a question from patron Disco Shootout, if the Roman Legion was superior to the phalanx and tribal warfare like the Gauls, how could Hannibal use such inferior methods and defeat the Romans for years? If you have any questions email Jasper at firstname.lastname@example.org
In Ancient Warfare Answers, Jasper (editor of Ancient Warfare Magazine) and Murray (deputy editor) tackle your questions on ancient military topics. In this episode Jasper ponders on if the Romans intentionally downplayed their naval capabilities before the first Punic war? Thank you to patron of the podcast Dag Atle for suggesting this question. If you have any questions email Jasper at email@example.com
In Ancient Warfare Answers, Jasper (editor of Ancient Warfare Magazine) and Murray (deputy editor) tackle your questions on ancient military topics. In this episode Murray answers Boris's question beyond female warriors from the steppe nomad cultures, where are the others? If you have any questions email Jasper at firstname.lastname@example.org
The ancient warfare magazine team are back this time discussing traitors, discipline and punishment in the ancient world. If you want to watch the team record live and comment as we go, why not become a patron?
In Ancient Warfare Answers, Jasper (editor of Ancient Warfare Magazine) and Murray (deputy editor) tackle your questions on ancient military topics. In this episode Jasper explains why Roman republican cavalry so poor? It's thanks to patron Jo-jo Sun for sending us that. If you have any questions email Jasper at email@example.com
In Ancient Warfare Answers, Jasper (editor of Ancient Warfare Magazine) and Murray (deputy editor) tackle your questions on ancient military topics. In this episode Jasper tells explains why the Roman army drew lots in AD69. If you have any questions email Jasper at firstname.lastname@example.org
In Ancient Warfare Answers, Jasper (editor of Ancient Warfare Magazine) and Murray (deputy editor) tackle your questions on ancient military topics. In this episode Murray tells us how the ancient Athenian army was organised. If you have any questions email Jasper at email@example.com
In Ancient Warfare Answers, Jasper (editor of Ancient Warfare Magazine) and Murray (deputy editor) tackle your questions on ancient military topics. In this episode Murray asks did ancient navies use slave rowers? If you have any questions email Jasper at firstname.lastname@example.org
Though not known for his martial prowess, Claudius, like many Roman emperors before and after, needed a military victory to cement his position. Britain was the ideal target. The team discuss Ancient Warfare Magazine XIII.6. To watch the show live, as it's recorded, why not become a patron?
In Ancient Warfare Answers, Jasper (editor of Ancient Warfare Magazine) and Murray (deputy editor) tackle your questions on ancient military topics. In this episode Murray tells us about how Generals learned their craft. If you have any questions email Jasper at email@example.com
For this landmark 100th episode the Ancient Warfare Magazine team decided to open up the conversation to listeners and asked them to send in their questions. Thanks to everyone to sent in questions, and sorry if we never got to yours.
These are strange times, with many of us trapped at home Jasper suggested the Ancient Warfare Magazine team share their recommendations for books, movies, articles and podcasts to pass the time. If you don't already subscribe to the magazine use the offer code awpodcast to get a 33% discount off any Ancient Warfare digital subscription at ancient-warfare.com (offer ends 31 May,2020). The teams recommendations Myke Field of Glory Rulebook: Ancient and Medieval Wargaming Rules Great Battles of Hi...more
"As long as there has been warfare, there have been warriors willing to offer their services to the highest bidder. In this issue, we look at ancient mercenaries across the Mediterranean." It's a lively discussion with a full ancient warfare magazine team.
Alexander the Great invaded what is today Afghanistan in 330 BC as part of war against Persia. Comprising the easternmost satrapies of Persia, Afghanistan provided some challenging battles in his conquest of the remaining lands of Persia. In this episode of the Ancient Warfare Magazine Podcast the team discuss Alexander the Great in Afghanistan. It's thank you to patron of the podcast Jared Grantham for suggestion the topic.
Until the arrival of the chariot, warfare had been an exclusively infantry-based affair. Its invention introduced a new dynamic to the battlefield that shaped warfare for two millennia. The team discuss Ancient Warfare Magazine XIII-4.
With Jasper away, Murray is MC for this episode of the Ancient Warfare Magazine Podcast. He is joined by Marc Marc DeSantis, Mark McCaffery and Lindsay Powell. Taking listener questions they discuss the role of contests and rituals in ancient battles.
The team are back to discuss Ancient Warfare Magazine XIII.3 The Rise of Septimius Severus. 'Septimius Severus, also known as Severus, was Roman emperor from 193 to 211. He was born in Leptis Magna in the Roman province of Africa. As a young man he advanced through the customary succession of offices under the reigns of Marcus Aurelius and Commodus. Severus seized power after the death of Emperor Pertinax in 193 during the Year of the Five Emperors.'
This time the team are discussing a topic suggested by one of our patrons, they talk over the the pro's and con's of experimental archeology and re-enactment in respect to ancient warfare.
'Natural and man-made geography exerts its influence on warfare, determining the passage of whole armies and fleets, sometimes allowing a single soldier to hold up an entire host.' The team discuss Ancient Warfare Magazine XIII.2 'Hunting for good ground: The role of geography in warfare'. You can pick up you copy of the magazine here.
We're back with another Ancient Warfare podcast. In this episode we're going to be discussing tropes; what we know, what we thing we know and where it all goes wrong! Don't forget if you're not already a subscriber to the magazine you can find her here.
Tarentum in southern Italy may have been a Spartan colony, but when it was under pressure from first its Italic neighbours and then Rome itself, it preferred to call in some help from abroad. In this episode the Ancient Warfare team discuss the latest episode of the magazine which covers Hellenistic mercenary armies in Southern Italy.
We thought we'd missed discussing a few episodes of the magazine so we decided to look at I.4 the Roman Conquest of Spain. As it turns out, we've apparently looked at this before and we'd forgotten (you can listen here). After a long hiatus Jasper has returned as MC and joining him are Murray Dahm, Marc DeSantis, Mark McCaffery and Lindsay Powell.
We are once more between issues of the magazine, so in this episode the team have decided to discuss military celebrity in the ancient world, how important was celebrity and perhaps was there any pitfalls to celebrity status? Joining Angus are Jasper Oorthuys, Murray Dahm, Lindsay Powell, Myke Cole, Mark McCaffery and Marc DeSantis. Don't forget you can subscribe to the magazine at ancient-warfare.com
Tempted by lowered defences, riches on the Roman side of the Rhine, or just pushed forward by peoples further east, Germanic tribes started to raid and then come across western Europe's great river in large numbers from the third century onward. Joining Angus to discuss the issue XII.6 An Empire Under Pressure are regulars Jasper Oorthuys, Lindsay Powell, Murray Dahm, Myke Cole and Marc DeSantis, plus all those patrons who watched and contributed live as we recorded. Are you a patron yet? Fancy...more
We're discussing the 2004 film from Director Oliver Stone, Alexander. While it was expensive film to make it wasn't a box office smash. What do the team think? Angus is joined by Jasper Oorthuys, Mark McCaffery, Murray Dahm, Myke Cole and Marc DeSantis.
'Men recruited from every corner of the empire, auxiliaries played an important role in augmenting Rome's military might. For the soldiers themselves, service meant a path to citizenship and future success.' In this episode we’re going to be discussing Ancient Warfare Magazine XII.5, ‘Rome’s Indispensable Auxiliaries: Serving up front and on the flanks’. Joining Angus are Jasper Oothuys, Lindsay Powell, Mark McCaffery, Murray Dahm and Marc DeSantis.
We are once more between issues of the magazine, so running with a random ancient warfare topic, the one that has been pulled out of the hat for this episode is ‘spartan invincibility’. We have a full house for this episode with Jasper Oorthuys, Murray Dahm, Mark McCaffery, Marc DeSantis, Lindsay Powell and Myke Cole.
'The first decades of the Hellenistic era are famous for the ever-growing warships of the Ptolemies, but naval warfare wasn't just about who had the biggest ships.' We're discussing Ancient Warfare Magazine XII.4. Taking part in this episode is Jasper Oorthuys, Lindsay, Mark McCaffery, Marc DeSantis and Murray Dahm.
In this episode of the Ancient Warfare Podcast we are discussing unconventional tactics, a topic suggested by one of our listeners (but Jasper can't remember who, so thank you whoever you are!). We have a full house of contributors, Jasper Oorthuys, Murray Dahm, Lindsay Powell, Mark McCaffery, Myke Cole and Marc DeSantis. We may have gone a little off topic, heading down the route of special forces, so possibly not as much talk of flying pigs as we might have otherwise have anticipated.
From mail and shields to protection of a more spiritual nature, armour in the ancient world took on many forms and was developed to deal with a number of specific problems. In this episode we’re back looking at the magazine with issue XII.3 ‘The many means of Protection; Body armour in the ancient World” Angus is joined by regulars Jasper Oorthuys, Marc DeSantis and Marc MacCaffery.
In this episode we’re going to be discussing the concept of death, dying and killing, how is described and perceived, in the ancient world. It’s thanks to Wim Sonnemans, one of our patrons for suggestion the topic. Joining Angus are stalwarts of the podcast Jasper Oorthuys, Murray Dahm, Mark McCaffery and Marc DeSantis. If you enjoy the podcast why not become a patron, by throwing a throw a shekel (or two) in our virtual bowl each month. We do try and give something back to our supporters, who g...more
'Fierce fighters, masterful mercenaries, backwards barbarians: these were only a few of the ways the ancient Greeks described their tribalistic neighbours to the north'. In this episode of the podcast we discuss Ancient Warfare XII-2, Wild Allies and Enemies: Thracians in the Fourth Century.Angus is joined by regulars Jasper Oorthuys, Murray Dahm, Marc DeSantis, Lindsay Powell and Myke Cole.
Subscribers of the magazine will realise we’re recording very close to the latest issued XII.2 XII.2 Wild Allies and Enemies: Fierce fighters, masterful mercenaries, backwards barbarians, we felt it didn’t give people enough time to read it, digest it and feed us your questions, so we’ve decided on another 'in-between' episode. Murray once more suggested the topic for discussion, his was a one word suggestion ‘uniform’, which had us all going off in different directions on what we could talk abo...more
Today’s topic was suggested by Patreon backer Wim Sonnemans, who suggested we might look at training manuals and handbooks. Which is a great topic of us as it is something our very own Murray Dahm has previously researched! To become a patron of the podcast you can find us at patreon.com/ancientwarfarepodcast. As a patron of the show you will be invited to watch us record live, and even comment as we are doing so… We thank those who already support the show, it is very much appreciated….
Control and use of the legions played a critical role in Octavian's carefully orchestrated rise to power. Angus, Jasper, Murray, Lindsay, Mark and Marc discuss Ancient Warfare magazine XII.1.
Jasper recently published a blog on the ancient warfare website, the title was ‘Why I love Ancient Warfare?’. To discuss why Jasper loves Ancient Warfare Angus is joined by Jasper Oothruys, Murray Dahm, Mark McCaffery, Marc DeSantis and Lindsay Powell.
The team discuss Ancient Warfare Magazine XI-6. "With financial aid from Persia, Sparta slowly brought Athens down in Attica, throughout its empire, and at sea."
We were casting around for a topic between ourselves, another film? A piece of kit? Murray suggested we discuss trying to simulated the ancient battlefield. We look at table top games, computer games and re-enactment. Its a big thank you to those who sent in questions, its really appreciated and it does help guide out conversation.
Horse cavalry has long played a role in warfare. But other, more exotic mounts were also used in the ancient world. In this episode we’re once more looking a the magazine with volume 11, issue 5, “Riding into Battle: Ancient Mounted Warfare” So joining me are Jasper Oorthuys, Murray Dahm, Marc DeSantis, Mark McCaffery and Lindsay Powell.
In the final podcast of the year we find ourselves between issues of the magazine so Mark suggested the title ‘300 vs the real Hoplite’. The gang are joined by Paul Bardunias author of ‘Hoplites at War: A Comprehensive Analysis of Heavy Infantry Combat in the Greek World, 750-100 bc’.
We’re looking at wars in the old Testament in this episode of the podcast. It’s a huge span of history, and only Jasper wrote a piece for this issue of the magazine. As is often the case with the topics we’re not quite so sure on, it turns out to be a very fruitful discussion. Angus is joined by regulars Jasper Oothuys, Lindsay Powell, Mark McCaffery and Marc DeSantis.
We are once more between issues of the magazine with this episode. One of our patrons came up tonight's topic, we’re going to discuss what we actually know about combat on the battlefield and what it might have been like. Much of what we read is the work of fiction but since John Keegans “Faces of Battle” in the 1970s historians have attempted to give a picture of what it might have been like for soldiers on the battlefield.
In this episode, we’re looking at volume 11 issue 3 "Rome against Rome: Caesar and Pompey in the Balkans". We’ve got the dream team tonight… Jasper Oorthuys, Murray Dahm, Mark McCaffery, Marc De Santis and joining us after a brief hiatus is Lindsay Powell.
We’re between issues of the magazine this month so Murray suggested as the new war movie Dunkirk has been released why not try and look for similar examples in the ancient world of turning a Defeat into Victory. Joining me is Jasper Oorthuys, Murray Dahm and Marc De Santis.
In this episode the team are looking at volume 11, issue two “On the cusp of Empire: The Romans Unify Italy”. "Before building an empire, the Romans first had to unify the various cultures already living on their doorstep." If you want to be involved with the podcast why not become a patreon? Before each show is recorded we put the call out for listener input, those contributions hopefully help make the show better for everyone. Our patrons always provide some top notch talking points for us to ...more
You may or may not be aware Ancient Warfare has a sister publication Medieval Warfare which Angus also helps produce the podcast for… You can find more information on the magazine at medieval-warfare.com. Peter, the host, recently recorded an episode discussing with Michael Livingston and Kelly DeVries which Medieval battle that would like to witness? We thought it was a great idea so we've stolen it for this episode of the ancient warfare podcast. Angus, Jasper, Murray and Marc discuss the Bat...more
With Jasper back in the editors chair at Ancient Warfare Magazine he joins regulars Marc DeSantis and Mark McCaffery to discuss Archers in the Ancient World (issue XI.1). Throughout antiquity, the bow played an important role in warfare, from Assyria and Egypt to Greece and Rome. Heavy infantry and cavalry often got the glory, but archers on foot and horseback often played an important role on the battlefield. We fielded a lot of listeners questions, many from patrons of the show who support us ...more
One of our Patreon supporters suggested for an "extra" we might look at documentary series, such as Barbarians Rising, and the problems of factual programming falling into the same traps that Hollywood feature films fall into. So after we finished talking about the year of the four Emperors I put the question to the team, curiously Lindsay Powell is actually one of the historians featured in Barbarians Rising. We hope you enjoy the discussion. Angus is joined by Josho Brouwers, Murray Dahm, Mark...more
After the suicide of Emperor Nero, four usurpers struggled for control of Rome, plunging the Empire into chaos. In this episode we look at AD69 the Year of the Four Emperors. Angus is joined by Josho Brouwers, Murray Dahm, Mark McCaffery, Marc De Santis and a welcome back to Lindsay Powell.
In this episode the team investigate Ridley Scott's movie Gladiator.
In this episode we’re looking at volume X, issue 5 “The Empires of Persia at War”. Angus is joined by I’m joined by Josho Brouwers, Murray Dahm, Mark McCaffery, Marc DeSantis and Sean Manning. Medes, Persians or Achaemenids? Ancient sources rarely cared to differentiate them. Their tribes united and became kingdoms, and their kingdoms turned into empires. Some of the most decisive chapters of ancient warfare were written when their ever-changing borders brought them face-to-face with the great w...more
We’ve always promised ourselves we would record some extra podcasts. As we’ve caught with the magazine release we thought it was time for such an episode… So we decided to look at the Chariot Race in Ben-Hur. Angus, Josho, Murray, Marc and Mark were joined by David Reinke who ,with Graham Sumner, writes the film articles for Ancient Warfare Magazine… It proved to be a marathon recording, and we were terrible at staying on topic of the Chariot race… I hope you enjoy us wandering round the subject...more
"Once people began to live in settled villages, they started to identify themselves not just based on their language and culture, but also on where they lived. Farmers became, to a lesser or larger extent, tied to the soil. As villages grew into cities and cities became the centres of larger city-states, kingdoms, and even empires, it became ever more important to define territories in a visible way, and to defend them whenever necessary." We're discussing Ancient Warfare Magazine volume X, issu...more
In this episode we’re looking at Volume 10, issue 3: Rome vs Poisonous Pontus: The Mithridatic Wars, 88BC - 63 BC Don’t forget if you missed the issue you can pick up your copy from ancient-warfare.com. Better still why not subscribe! That way you’ll be fully versed in the subject before you listen to the podcast! I’m joined by stalwarts of the podcast Josho Bouwers, Murray Dahm, Mark MaCaffery and Marc de Santis.
In this episode we look at Ancient Warfare Magazine Vol X, issue 2 "Wars in Hellenistic Egypt: Kingdom of the Ptolemies". We have a big group of guests with usuals Josho, Murray, Mark and Lindsay, also joining us is Marc de Santis and Seán Hußmann.
In this episode Angus is joined by Josho Brouwers, Murray Dahm, Mark McCaffery, Owen Rees and Roel Konijnendijk. We’re looking at Ancient Warfare Magazine Volume X issue 1, Conflict between Sparta and Athens: The Archidamian War. Don’t forget if you want to send in any questions for the team you can find us on Facebook either The History Network or Ancient Warfare Magazine.
A long and lively discussion of Ancient Warfare Magazine IX.6 "The Aftermath of Battle". "When we think about warfare in the ancient world, the first thing that probably pops into mind are images of men, clad in armour, fighting each other. Battle usually draws a lot of attention, and there have been many heated discussions about the nature and mechanics of combat. By comparison, there is often less interest in what happens after battle has been decided and the dust has settled. But the aftermat...more
In this episode we’ll be looking at Ancient Warfare Magazine volume 9, issue 5 “At the point of a Sarissa: Warriors of the Hellenistic age” To discuss the topic Angus is joined by Josho Browuers, Murray Dahm and Marc de Santis.
"The First Punic War (264 to 241 BC ) was the longest uninterrupted war in antiquity and the beginning of a series of military conflicts between Carthage and Rome. During the struggle, these ancient powers fought for the control of Sicily, a strategic point in the central Mediterranean. In the end, Rome was victorious and Carthage lost Sicily." In this episode we look at Volume 9, issue 4 “The First Punic War”. To discuss the topic Angus is joined by Josho Browuers, Murray Dahm, Lindsay Powell, ...more
Angus is joined by Josho Brouwers, Murray Dahm, Mark McCaffery, Steven Weingartner and Sean Manning. They discuss Ancient Warfare Magazine volume IX, issue 3 "The Hittites and their Successors". "Anatolia juts out from Asia and forms an important gateway to Europe. Essentially a large peninsula, it borders Syria in the south, Mesopotamia in the east, and the Aegean in the west. Over the course of time, it has been the home of a remarkable number of different peoples, speaking a great variety of ...more
In this episode Angus is joined Josho Browers, Murray Dahm, Mark MacCaffery, Owen Rees and Roel Konijnendijk. We look at Ancient Warfare Magazine IX.2 The ascendancy of Thebes. "The women of Sparta screamed at the sight of the flames that raged just across from the bridge over the Eurotas. Their men were in a panic, rushing to prepare and defend the unwalled city. Fighting had broken out in the nearby village of Amyclae. Lacedaemonians were falling to the earth, dead. The soil of Sparta had been...more
In this episode of the Ancient Warfare Magazine podcast Angus, Josho, Lindsay and Mark discuss volume 9, issue 1 "The end of empire: the fall of Rome" "On 4 September AD 476, the Western Roman Empire came to an end. No great battle was fought, no great foreign invasion force marched upon the capital, nor was there an iconic enemy in the shape of a second Hannibal who annihilated Rome’s armies and broke down the emperor’s gates. Odoacer of the Germanic Sciri tribe and military commander in Rome’s...more
In this episode Angus is joined by regulars Josho, Murray, Lindsay, Mark and with special guest Owen Rees. Its a lively discussion looking at Ancient Warfare Magazine volume, VIII issue 6 "The Roman conquest of Greece" "From the northern rivers and plains of Macedon to the southern heart of the peninsula – amongst whose ragged mountains and plateaux nestled the venerable poleis of old Greece – countless kingdoms, city-states, leagues, and tribes struggled by turns for supremacy and survival in ...more
In this episode Angus is joined by Josh Brouwers, Lindsay Powell, Mark McCaffery and Joseph Hall. We look at Ancient Warfare Magazine volume VIII, issue 5 "Rebellion against the Empire: The Jewish-Roman wars" "It is well known that in the opening statement of his Jewish War, Flavius Josephus imitates the fifth-century BC Athenian Thucydides when he says that “the war of the Jews against the Romans is not only the greatest of the wars of our own time, but so far as accounts have reached us, near...more
In this episode Angus is joined by Josho Brouwers, Mark McCaffery and Marc DeSantis. We look at Ancient Warfare Magazine volume 8, issue 4 "The ancient world's fragile giant: the Seleucid Empire at war". "Seleucus, who eventually acquired the epithet ‘Nicator’ was not a prime candidate to succeed to the largest share of Alexander the Great’s empire when the king died in Babylon in 323 BC. He certainly held some rank in Alexander’s chain of command, but he was not a member of the inner circle, ...more
In this episode we look at Ancient Warfare Magazine VIII.3 "Swift as the wind across the plains". Angus is joined by Josho Brouwers, Murray Dahm, Lindsay Powell, Mark McCaffery and Owen Rees. "Cimmerians. Sarmatians. Scythians. Horsemen of the steppes. They emerged from the fog of prehistory around the eighth century BC. Semi-nomadic, they dominated the Pontic Steppes for a millennium. Over centuries, pressure from one steppe people against another kicked off great migratory patterns. The mobi...more
In this episode we look at Ancient Warfare Magazine VIII.2 "War, trade and adventure: struggles of the Ionian Greeks". Angus is joined by Josho Brouwers, Murray Dahm, Lindsay Powell, Mark McCaffery and Cezary Kucewicz. "The ancient Greeks originally divided themselves into four major tribes, namely the Dorians, Aeolians, Achaeans, and Ionians. Each of these tribes also spoke a distinct dialect (Doric, Aeolic, Ionic), apart from the Achaeans, who used a form of Doric. The Athenians believed the...more
Angus Wallace (from the History Network) is joined by Josho Brouwers, Lindsay Powell, Mark McCaffery and Murray Dahm to look at Ancient Warfare Magazine Volume 8, Issue 1. Deserters, defectors, traitors: Betrayal in the ancient world. "The ancient world had its fair share of brave and courageous men, who stayed the course despite profound adversity or who seemed to laugh in the face of death. However, our sources also include accounts of people who – out of fear, for personal gain, or some com...more
Angus Wallace (from the History Network) is joined by Josho, Lindsay and Mark McCaffery to look at Ancient Warfare Magazine Volume 7, Issue 6. The Reluctant Warlord: The Wars of Marcus Aurelius. "With Marcus Aurelius, the Roman Empire was for the first time ruled by two emperors, both adoptive sons of the late Emperor Antoninus Pius (r. AD 138–161). Marcus had selected his nine-year-younger adoptive brother Lucius Verus to be his co-emperor. The two individuals could not have been more differe...more
Josho, Murray and Lindsay are joined by Roel Konijnendijk to discuss Ancient Warfare issue VII.5 "The march of the Ten Thousand is one of the best documented campaigns in Greek military history, thanks to the detailed narrative of Xenophon. He was a young Athenian expatriate who eventually rose to a senior position of command among the Hellenic survivors of Cyrus’ mercenary army." For more information Ancient Warfare Magazine visit ancient-warfare.com
Josho once more hosts this episode joined by Murray, Michael and Lindsay. "Looking at ancient warfare through the lens of a logistician and discussing the army train provides a unique way of understanding combat operations. It is often said that amateurs discuss tactics and professionals discuss logistics. No combat operation would happen without the support of supplies, equipment, men, animals, and materiel to sustain those operations" For more on this issue of the magazine visit ancient-war...more
With Jasper away Josho is joined by regulars Lindsay Powell, Murray Dahm and guest Mark McCaffery. "The rise of Early Republican Rome, from leading city in Latium to imperial power dominating peninsular Italy, seems inexorable. The Romans' aggression, competitive nature and habit of annual campaigning -- for land, slaves, booty and glory -- are often cited as the stimuli for conquest."
Jasper, Josho, Murray and Lindsay discuss Ancient Warfare Magazine VII.2 Struggle for Control: Wars in Ancient Sicily "Created by the gods and land of the giants, Sicily was a wealthy but deadly prize that dangled in front of many ancient powers. The unfortunate island would be subjected to a seemingly endless series of wars fought by people from all over the ancient Mediterranean. For centuries, the Greeks and Carthaginians would bludgeon each other to the point of exhaustion over a desire to...more
Jasper, Josho, Murray and Lindsay are joined by Egyptologist Arianna Sacco to discuss Ancient Warfare Magazine VII.1 Warriors of the Nile, Conflict in ancient Egypt. "One of the earliest civilizations in the world, the culture of ancient Egypt blossomed along the banks of the River Nile. Around 3000 BC, the country was already a unified kingdom ruled by a single king. Its powerful rulers built impressive monuments in the form of the famous pyramids during the so-called Old and Middle Kingdoms,...more
Jasper, Josho, Michael and Lindsay discuss the meaty topic of the Celts in the classical world (issue VI 6). "In 106 BC, a Roman army captured the Gallic stronghold of Tolosa and appropriated a vast treasure hoard. It was soon claimed that they had recaptured the spoils that a band of marauding Gauls had originally looted from the Greek sanctuary at Delphi in 279 BC. The claim, while dubious at best, nonetheless illustrates the ancient tendency to lump Celtic peoples together, treating separate...more
Jasper, Josho and Michael are joined by Jason Klazmer to look at the the armies of Diocletian (Ancient Warfare Magazine VI-5) "When Emperor Alexander Severus was assassinated in AD 235, the Roman Empire fell into an abyss that it would only crawl out of after almost fifty years. Roman armies clashed in struggles for the throne, with generals proclaimed emperor by their troops and then meeting violent ends a few months later – often at the hands of those same troops. Besides this internal power ...more
In this our first video / audio recording Jasper, Michael, Lindsay and Josho look at Pyrrhus. Pyrrhus was the second cousin to Alexander the Great, and at only two years he began his career as a penniless exile after his father was dethroned. Pyrrhus would rise to become King of Epirus, King of Macedon and King of Sicily...
True cavalry with men mounted on horse back started to appear from the 9th century BC, as chariots were slowly replaced. Imposing they were used in shock charges, their rapid movement made them ideal for reconnoissance, screening an army and for chasing down the enemy. Though despite there usefulness they only remained a small part of a Mediterranean army, comprising of perhaps only some 10% of the total numbers. In the late Roman empire period cavalry drawn from Northern Europe became more prev...more
The Dacians lived in modern day Romania, they had long been a threat along the borders of the Roman Empire. In 101AD Trajan launched the first of two campaigns against Dacia, eventually it would become a Roman province. Though poorly documented the conflict is celebrated on Trajans column in the centre of Rome, providing a spiralling view of the campaign, and at Adamclisi (in modern day Romania) which depicts brutal fighting between Roman Legionaries and Dacian warriors. Jasper, Josho, Michael...more
Jasper and the team are joined by Josho Brouwers to discus warfare in archaic Greece. After Michael's summary of the period we go on to look at the phalanx, how it might function, the equipment the men carried, the suitability of the geography for this type of fighting and what that meant for the numbers of men deployed in the field. Also touched upon is why the cities fought one another, was it just drunken Greeks tooled up and spoiling for a fight to assert their manliness? Dur:48min
Jasper and the team discuss Ancient Warfare I.4, The Roman Conquest of Spain. It took over 200 years for Rome to pacify Spain, why did it take them so long? Did local fragmentation politically make it difficult for an all out victory that was so often achieved in the East? We look at issues of leadership in the Roman army, and recruitment. Was Spain Rome's Vietnam? Dur: 41min
Jasper, Murray and Lindsay are joined by Michael Park to look at Elite units of the Hellenistic Era, the discussion revolves round what is elite and how do you define elite, which proved more troublesome that one may expect. Dont forget if you want more information on the magazine you can find their website at www.ancient-warfare.com Dur: 51min File: MP3
In the usual wide ranging discussion Jasper, Michael, Lindsay and special guest Jesse Obert look at the Roman Navy. Questioning the received view of the fleets being used in anti piracy duties, and were the fleets even standing forces or more of an adhoc thing brought together when needs must? And the fleets what kind of shipping did they comprise of, and how did they make war?
In this episode we look at the Assyrians, 930BC to 630BC, their empire stretched from Egypt to Babylon, it was the first great iron age empire with resources to fund a standing army equipped with iron weapons. They excelled at siege warfare, something very difficult to successfully achieve in the ancient world. We delve into all these aspects plus look at the putting down of internal descent, propaganda, chariots and the use of specialised infantry. Jasper, Lindsay and Michael are joined by Mark...more
The Sassanid Empire would prove to be the last of the Persian middle-eastern empires, and would also be the last great ‘civilised’ rival of Rome. The Great Achaemenid Persian Empire, founded by Cyrus the Great, had displaced the Babylonians in the Middle-East. Ultimately, it sprawled from the Mediterranean to northern India. This empire, the largest in the world, had been overthrown by the meteoric career of a western ‘barbarian’ named Alexander of Macedon, but he did not survive to consolidate ...more
Jasper, Murray, Mike and Lindsay take a trip down memory lane and revisit Ancient Warfare magazine I.III "Protect thyself. Shields, helmets and armor." Starting with why we need armour we take a trip through the ancient world covering arms and armour from the Greeks to the late Roman Empire. Dur: 51min
Jasper, Lindsay, Murray and Mike discuss the use of bodyguards from Alexanders men having to prevent him from getting into harm through to being a symbol of power in Rome, and of course a long look at the Pretorian guard.
The team discuss the daily routine of troops in the ancient world when garrisoned. Through examples found at Vindolanda we investigate sickness rates of soldiers, the freedom they had whilst not on duty and what would happen to them if they could no longer serve. Dur: 40min File: .mp3
Gaius Marius is credited with introducing wide ranging reforms which would transform the Roman Army into the professional machine of the Empire. Elected consul and unprecedented seven times, he authorised landless citizens to do military service (something that may have lead to the eventually down fall of the Roman Empire as troops became bound to their Generals to ensure their care), he gave them fixed duration of service and as such established a standing army. But were all of Marius's reforms...more
Jasper and team go back to the first Ancient Warfare magazine and discuss the career of Gnaeus Julius Agricola, the issues of the sources such a Tacitus and his use of axillery troops among over things. Gnaeus Julius Agricola was govenor of Britain from 77AD, he was responsible for much of the expansion of Roman terrioty in Britain and sent his army North into Caledonia, modern day scotland. After an unusually length period as governor he returned to Rome in 85AD. Dur: 42min
Jasper, Murray, Michael and Lindsay discuss a the post Alexander Hellenistic world looking at uniforms (or lack of) and the colours they might be, Ross Cowans article sticks and stones and the use of low tech improvised weapons. Michael elaborates on his piece covering the Amphipolis regulation, disciplinary measures of the Macedonian army. And other issues such as Gigantism that the last issue of the magazine touched upon.
Warfare and Religion Jasper, Lindsay, Murray and Mike tip toe through warfare and religion, a fitting topic for this time of the year! Merry Christmas!
Jasper and the gang with special guest Mark Schwartz discuss the end of the bronze age and the coming of the Sea people raiding in the Mediterranean.
Belisarius & The Byzantine Empires Jasper and the team are joined by Ian Huges, author of “Belisarius: The Last Roman General”, to discuss Ancient Warfare issue IV-3, and further explore subjects brought up in the magazine. Belisarius was one of the greatest Generals of the Eastern Roman Empire, under the Emperor Justinian. He was key to a revival of Roman fortunes. Dur: 38min
Jasper and the team discuss issues brought up in the Ancient Warfare special for 2010, The Core of the Legions: The Roman Imperial Centuria. Dur: 1hr 04min
Jasper and the team discuss issues brought up in Ancient Warfare magazine issue IV-2 around the topic of sieges in the ancient world.
Before Rome Ruled Italy A look at the Italian peninsular and the existing peoples before Rome took control. Jasper discusses with Murray Dahm, Lindsay Powell and Michael Taylor issues that the magazine brought up. Dur: 45min File: MP3
Before Radios existed, co ordinating the tactical movements of thousands of men on the battlefield would have required a well organised system of transmitting commands. In the ancient world these commands would be transmitted by trumpets and horns and accompanied by visual standards. Jasper discusses with Murray Dahm, Lindsay Powell and Michael Taylor issues that the magazine brought up. Dur:40min
Jasper discusses Rome vs and Parthia with Phillip Lindsay Powell, Murray Dahm and Michael Taylor. Dur:40min File: .mp3
Jasper discusses with Murray Dahm, Lindsay Powell and Michael Taylor issues that the magazine brought up. For more information on the magazine go to www.ancient-warfare.com and comments, questions or suggestions email them to firstname.lastname@example.org
Classical heroes: The warrior in history and legend Jasper discusses with Murray Dahm, Lindsay Powell and Sidney Dean issues that the magazine brought up. For more information on the magazine go to www.ancient-warfare.com and comments, questions or suggestions email them to email@example.com Dur:47min
To commemorate the 2000th anniversary of the loss of legions XVII, XVIII (aka XIIX) and XIX somewhere in northern Germany, Ancient Warfare magazine published a special issue. In this episode of the podcast Jasper discusses with Murray Dahm and Lindsay Powell issues that the magazine brought up. File: .mp3 Dur: 1hr
Alexander & The Wars of the Successors Jasper is joined by Michael Taylor, Michael Park, Murray Dahm and Philip Lindsay Powell to discuss Alexander and the wars of his successors. Dur: 42min File: .mp3 For more information on the magazine go to www.ancient-warfare.com and comments, questions or suggestions email them to firstname.lastname@example.org
War as a livelihood - Mercenaries in the Ancient world Jasper is joined by Michael Taylor, Paul Bardunias and Albert Perez Rubio to discuss Mercenaries in the acient world. Dur: 37min File: .mp3 For more information on the magazine go to www.ancient-warfare.com and comments, questions or suggestions email them to email@example.com
Jasper is joined by Christian Koepfer, Glenn Barnett and regular Murray Dahm to discuss the Rome In Crisis, the third age AD. Dur: 30min File: .mp3 For more information on the magazine go to www.ancient-warfare.com and comments, questions or suggestions email them to firstname.lastname@example.org
Jasper is joined by Mark Schwartz and regular Murray Dahm to discuss the Campaigns of Caesar. Dur: 35min File: .mp3
Jasper is joined by Vicky Kalambakal and regular Murray Dahm to discuss the Campaigns of Caesar. Dur: 36min File: .mp3
Jasper is joined by Murray Dahm and Paul McDonnell-Staff to discuss the Age of the Trireme. Dur: 40min File: mp3
Jasper is joined by Murray Dahm, Joe Pietrykowski and Paul McDonnell-Staff to dicuss victory and defeat in the ancient world. For more information on the magazine go to www.ancient-warfare.com and comments, questions or suggestions email them to email@example.com Dur:35min File: .mp3
Jasper Oorthuys and the contributers of this issue of Ancient Warfare Magazine discuss the theme of this issue of the Magazine, light infantry and auxiliaries. For more information on the magazine go to www.ancient-warfare.com Dur: 19min File: .mp3